History Personal Rule

Rebecca Rose
Flashcards by Rebecca Rose, updated more than 1 year ago
Rebecca Rose
Created by Rebecca Rose about 5 years ago
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Flashcards on History Personal Rule, created by rebeccadeslandes on 21/01/2016.

Resource summary

Question Answer
When was Charles I's Personal Rule? 1629-1640 (11 years)
What gained greater influence without a parliament? The privy council, aggravated by those even further within court; council committes.
Name his advisors Weston close advisor until death in 1635- helped reform court finances William Laud William Luxon Thomas Wentworth
Name the two key prerogative courts Star chamber High commission- Church Laud was high in both
Name the two treaties ending the 30 Years War Treaty of Susa- France, 1629 Treaty of Madrid- Spain, 1630 (led to negative political consequences)
What was fiscal feudalism and its policies? Customs duties Feudal dues- wardship Monopolies- corporations Recusancy fines Distraint of knighthood Other fines Income £600 000- £900 000
When was ship money and who opposed it? 1634-1639 1635 became a national tax John Hampden in 1637 Finnes (Providence Island Company) 1637
When was the crisis of multiple kingdoms? (Scotland) 1637--1642 1637 Bishops armed after publication of prayer book, St Giles Cathedral Edinburgh October revolt and abandonment by Scottish Privy council
What was the religious policy and who helped to implement it? 1638 Scottish National Covenant Presbyterian radicals Johnston and Henderson (Covenanters) now need ship money
When where the Bishops Wars? 1639-1640 Religious general assembly 1638 annul canon laws and abolished episcopacy Truce of Berwick June 1939 CofS- GA- disbandment army
Ireland Wentworth Lord Deputy of Ireland 1632 arrived 1633 recalled 1639 and argued for (short) Parliament Irish Catholics, Catholic Old English, Protestant New English, Presbyterian Scots
Who else united with Hampden? Other events 1637 Earl of Warwick and John Pym Providence Island company Prynne Burton Bastwick John Lilbunne distributed Bastwick work John Williams criticised alter changes
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