Frankie's Flashcards

Frankie Kellam
Flashcards by Frankie Kellam, updated more than 1 year ago
Frankie Kellam
Created by Frankie Kellam about 5 years ago



Resource summary

Question Answer
Psychology he scientific study of the human mind and its functions, especially those affecting behavior in a given context.
Physiological affecting, or arising in the mind; related to the mental and emotional state of a person.
Cognitive the study of mental processes such as attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking.
Basic science (research) The fundamental theoretical or experimental investigative research to advance knowledge without a specifically envisaged or immediately practical application
Applied science (research) The discipline of science that applies existing scientific knowledge to develop more practical applications, like technology or inventions.
Wilhelm Wundt German physician, physiologist, philosopher, and professor
Dualism Dualism is the position that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are not identical.
Introspection the examination or observation of one's own mental and emotional processes.
structuralism a method of interpretation and analysis of aspects of human cognition, behavior, culture, and experience that focuses on relationships of contrast between elements in a conceptual system that reflect patterns underlying a superficial diversity.
William James American philosopher and psychologist who was also trained as a physician.
Funtionalism theory about the nature of mental states
psychoanalysis set of psychological and psychotherapeutic theories and associated techniques
Gestalt psychology school of thought that believes all objects and scenes can be observed in their simplest forms
phrenology theory of brain and what the 19th-century phrenologists called the only true science of mind
Behaviorism an approach to psychology which focuses on an individual's behavior.
John B. Watson American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism
“Little Albert” experiment a case study showing empirical evidence of classical conditioning in humans
Ivan Pavlov BIG IDEA classical conditioning Ivan Pavlov and his theory of classical conditioning had a profound impact on the understanding of human behavior
B.F. Skinner American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher
Humanistic psychology a psychological perspective which rose to prominence in the mid-20th century in response to the limitations of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and B. F. Skinner's behaviorism.
Abraham Maslow BIG IDEA Hierarchy of needs a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation"
Nature v. nurture debate This debate within psychology is concerned with the extent to which particular aspects of behavior are a product of either inherited or acquired characteristics.
Clinical psychologists a broad branch of psychology that focuses on diagnosing and treating mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. Some of the more common disorders that might be treated include learning disabilities, substance abuse, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders.
Psychiatrist a medical practitioner specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness.
Industrial/Organizational (I/O) psychologists the scientific study of human behavior in the workplace and applies psychological theories and principles to organizations and individuals in their workplace.
Human Factors Psychologists an interdisciplinary field which discovers and applies information about human behavior, abilities, limitations, and other characteristics to the design and evaluation of products, systems, jobs, tools, and environments for enhancing productive, safe, and comfortable human use
biopsychology psychology the application of the principles of biology to the study of physiological, genetic, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in humans and other animals
evolutionary psychology theoretical approach to psychology that attempts to explain useful mental and psychological traits
cognitive psychology the scientific study of mind and mental function, including learning, memory, attention, perception, reasoning, language, conceptual development, and decision making
Sociocultural psychology scientific study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.
Trephination surgical intervention where a hole is drilled, incised or scraped into the skull using simple surgical tools.
“tabula Rasa” Latin phrase often translated as "blank slate"
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