Group Dynamics: Chapter 1 vocabulary

Laura McDaniel
Flashcards by , created over 2 years ago

Introduction to Group Dynamics Group Dynamics sixth edition by Donelson R. Forsyth Chapter 1 vocabulary

Laura McDaniel
Created by Laura McDaniel over 2 years ago
Edexcel Additional Science Chemistry Topics 1+2
El Smith
How did the Cold War develop?
Elisa de Toro Arias
Longevidad y Envejecimiento Fisiológico
Isaac Alexander
Bryony Whitehead
Unit 1 Chapter 1 Items
Gene G. Dydasco
Group dynamics
Jade Jannotti
To Kill A Mockingbird
situation ethics
A level Computing Quiz
Zacchaeus Snape
Master French
Question Answer
Group Dynamics The influential actions, processes, and changes that occur within and between groups; also, the scientific study of those processes
Group Two or more individuals who are connected by and within by social relationships
Membership The state of belonging to, or being included in, a social group; also, the collective body of all members of a group
Social network A set of interpersonally interconnected individuals or groups
Online group (or e-group) Two or more individuals who interact with each other solely or primarily through computer-based information technologies rather than face-to-face interactions
Offline group Two or more individuals whose interaction with each other occur primarily or solely in conventional, face-to-face situations and not via computer-based technology
Task interaction The conjointly adjusted actions of group members that pertain to the group's projects, tasks, and goals
Relationship interaction (socioemotional interaction) The conjointly adjusted actions of group members that relate to or influence the nature and strength of the emotional and interpersonal bonds within the group, including both sustaining (social support, consideration) and undermining actions (criticism, conflict)
Interdependence Mutual dependence, as when one's outcomes, actions, thoughts, feelings, and experiences are influenced, to some degree, by other people
Group structure The persistent and interrelated features of a group, such as roles and norms, that influence the functioning of the group as a whole and create regularities in the interactions of its members
Role A socially shared set of behaviors, characteristics, and responsibilities expected of people who occupy a particular position or type of position within a group; by enacting roles, individuals establish regular patterns of exchange with one another that increase predictability and social coordination
Norm A consensual and often implicit standard that describes what behaviors should and should not performed in a given context
Group cohesion The solidarity or unity of a group resulting from the development of strong and mutual interpersonal bonds among members and group-level forces that unify the group, such as shared commitment to group goals and esprit de corps
Esprit de corps A common spirit of comradeship, enthusiasm, and devotion to a cause among the members of a group
Primary group A small, long-term group characterized by frequent interaction, solidarity, and high levels of interdependence among members that substantially influences the attitudes, values, and social outcomes of its members
Social group A relatively small number of individuals who interact with one another over an extended period of time, such as work groups, clubs, and congregations
Collective A relatively large aggregation or group of individuals who display similarities in actions and outlook. Examples: a street crowd, a line of people (queue), panicked group escaping a fire; or more widely dispersed groups, e.g. listeners who respond similarly to a public service announcement.
Social category A perceptual grouping of people who are assumed to be similar to one another in some ways but different in some ways from individuals who are not members of that grouping
Social identity An individual's sense of self derived from relationships and memberships in groups; also, those aspects of the self that are assumed to be common to most or all of the members of the same group or social category
Entitativity The apparent cohesiveness or unity of an assemblage of individuals; the quality of being a single entity rather than a set of independent, unrelated individuals (coined in Campbell, 1958)
Thomas Theorem The theoretical premise, put forward by W.I. Thomas, which maintains that people's understanding of a social situation, even if incorrect, will determine their reactions in the situation; "If men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences" (Thomas & Thomas, 1928)
Stereotype A socially shared set of qualities, characteristics, and behavioral expectations ascribed to a particular group or category of people
Essentialism The belief that all things, including individuals and groups, have a basic nature that makes them what they are and distinguishes them from other things; a thing's essence is usually inferred rather than directly observed and is generally assumed to be relatively unchanging
Paradigm Scientists' shared assumptions about the phenomena they study; also, a set of research procedures
Level of analysis The focus of study when examining a multilevel process or phenomenon, such as the micro-level (individuals in a group), the meso-level (the group), or the macro-level (the organization or society where the group is located)
Group fallacy Explaining social phenomena in terms of the group as a whole instead of basing the explanation on the individual-level processes within the group; ascribing psychological qualities, such as will, intentionality, and mind, to a group rather than to the individuals within that group
Group mind (or collective consciousness) A hypothetical unifying mental force linking group members together; the fusion of individual consciousness or mind into a transcendent consciousness
B = f(P,E) The law of interactionism that states each person's behavior (B) is a function of his or her personal qualities (P), the social environment E, and the interaction of these personal qualities with factors present in the social setting (proposed by Kurt Lewin)
Group development Patterns of change in a group's structure and interactions that occur over the course of the group's existence
Multilevel perspective The view that recognizes that a complete explanation of group processes and phenomena requires multiple levels of analysis, including individual (micro), group (meso), and organizational or societal (macro) level
Action research Scientific inquiry that both expands basic theoretical knowledge and identifies solutions to significant social problems