Biology Quiz

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Flashcards on Biology Quiz
Emily Murray8879
Flashcards by Emily Murray8879, updated more than 1 year ago
Emily Murray8879
Created by Emily Murray8879 over 7 years ago
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Question Answer
Weather Day-to-day conditions of the atmosphere, including temperature, precipitation, and other factors.
Climate Average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitation in an area over long period of time.
Microclimate Environmental conditions within a small area that differs significantly from the climate of the surrounding area.
Greenhouse Effect Process in which certain gases (Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and Water Vapor) trap sunlight energy in Earth's atmosphere as heat.
Habitat Area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abiotic factors that affect it.
Niche Full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives, and the way in which the organism uses those conditions.
Resource Any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food, or space.
Competitive Exclusion Principle Principle that states that no two species can occupy the same niche in the same habitat at the same time.
Predation Interaction in which one organism (the predator) captures and feeds on another organism (the prey).
Keystone Species Single species that is not usually abundant in a community, yet exerts strong control in the structure of the community.
Symbiosis Relationship in which two species live close together.
Mutualism Symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit from the relationship.
Parasitism Symbiotic relationship in which one organism lives on or inside another organism and harms it.
Commensalism Symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed.
Ecological Succession Series of gradual changes that occur in a community following a disturbance.
Primary Succession Succession that occurs in an area in which no trace of previous community is present.
Secondary Succesion Type of succession that occurs in an area that was only partially destroyed by a disturbance.
Pioneer Species First species to populate an area during succession.
Permafrost Layer of permanently frozen subsoil found in the tundra.
Deciduous Term used to refer to a type of tree that sheds its leaves during a particular season each year.
Coniferous Term used to refer to trees that produce sead-bearing cones and have thin leaves shaped like needles.
Taiga Biome with long child winters and a few months of warn weather; dominated by coniferous evergreens, also called boreal forest.
Wetland Ecosystem in which water either covers the soil or is present at or near the surface for at least part of the year.
Estuary A kind of wetland formed where a river meets the ocean.
Plankton Microscopic organisms that live in aquatic environments; includes both phytoplankton and zooplankton.
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