Classification of Carbohydrates

Danielle Thibeadeaux
Flashcards by Danielle Thibeadeaux, updated more than 1 year ago
Danielle Thibeadeaux
Created by Danielle Thibeadeaux over 7 years ago
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22.1 A

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Question Answer
Carbohydrates Polyhydroxy aldehydes and ketones or substances that hydrolyze to yield polyhydroxy aldehydes and ketones
Carbohydrates exist primarily In their hemiacetal or acetal forms
Monosaccharides Are the simplest carbohydrates that cannot be hydrolyzed into any simpler form
Disaccharides Carbohydrates that undergo hydrolysis to yield 2 molecules of a monosaccharide
Trisaccharides Carbohydrates that undergo hydrolysis to yield 3 molecules of a monosaccharide
Oligosaccharides Carbohydrates that undergo hydrolysis to yield 2-10 molecules of a monosaccharide
Polysaccharide Carbohydrates that undergo hydrolysis to yield >10 molecules of a monosaccharide
Maltose and Sucrose are.. Disaccharides
1 mole of maltose yields... Two moles of glucose
1 mole of sucrose yields 1 mole of glucose and 1 mole of fructose
Glucose and Fructose are... Monosaccharides
Starch and Cellulose are... Polysaccharides
Starch and Cellulose are ________ polymers. glucose
Carbohydrates are the most _______ __________ constituents of _______. Carbohydrates are the most abundant organic constituents of plants.
Carbohydrates are a source of ________ energy for living organisms, but in _____ and some _____ they are important constituents of ______________ Carbohydrates are a source of chemical energy for living organisms, but in plants and some animals they are important constituents of supporting tissue.
What is the primary function of the cellulose found in wood, cotton and flax? Important constituent(player) of supporting tissue
Starch is a major constituent in which foods? Potatoes, rice, beans, corn, and peas.
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