Photosynthesis and Carbohydrate Metabolism

Danielle Thibeadeaux
Flashcards by Danielle Thibeadeaux, updated more than 1 year ago
Danielle Thibeadeaux
Created by Danielle Thibeadeaux over 7 years ago
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Carbohydrates are central to ________ and they are important for _________________ Carbohydrates are central to metabolism and they are important for cell recognition.
Carbohydrates are _______ in green plants by __________ a process that uses ______ ______ to reduce _______ ________ Carbohydrates are synthesized in green plants by photosynthesis a process that uses solar energy to reduce carbon dioxide.
The overall equation for photosynthesis xCO2 + y H2O + solar energy -> Cx(H20)y + xO2 (carbohydrate)
During photosynthesis the carbon dioxide is reduced to ______ while the _______ is _______ to ______ During photosynthesis the carbon dioxide is reduced to carbohydrates while the water is oxidized to oxygen.
Carbohydrates act as a major ______ _________ for solar energy Carbohydrates act as a major chemical repository(storage) for solar energy.
Carbohydrates energy is released when animals or plants _______ _________ into _______ and _______. Carbohydrates energy is released when animals or plants metabolize carbohydrates into carbon dioxide and water.
Metabolism of Carbohydrates formula Cx(H2O0y + x O2 -> x CO2 + yH2O + energy
The metabolism of carbohydrates takes place through a series of ________________ reactions in which each energy-yielding step is an _________ or consequence of it. The metabolism of carbohydrates takes place through a series of enzyme-catalyzed reactions in which each energy-yielding step is an oxidation or consequence of it.
Some energy released in the oxidation of carbohydrates is converted to ______ but much is conserved in a new chemical form through reactions that are coupled to the synthesis of ____________ (___) from ___________ (___) and inorganic ________ (__) Some energy released in the oxidation of carbohydrates is converted to heat but much is conserved in a new chemical form through reactions that are coupled to the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and inorganic phosphate (pi)
When the energy in ATP is used a coupled reaction takes place in which ATP is hydrolyzed, or a new anhydride linkage is created. RCOOH + ATP -> RCOOPOOO + ADP
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