English Flashcards

Saanya S
Flashcards by Saanya S, updated more than 1 year ago
Saanya S
Created by Saanya S almost 4 years ago
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English Flashcards

Resource summary

Question Answer
Allegory A story with a double meaning: one primary (on the surface) and one secondary
Alliteration Repetition of consonants at the start of words or in a sentence or phrase
Cliché An over-used, common expression
Consonance Repetition of consonants throughout a sentence or phrase
Didactic Any text that instructs the reader or is obviously delivering a moral message
Disjunction A conjunction (e.g. ‘but’ or ‘yet’) that dramatically interrupts rhythm of sentence
Ellipsis A dramatic pause (…) creates tension or suggests words can’t be spoken
Emotive Language Words that stir the readers’ emotions
Enjambment A poetic technique, when a sentence or phrase runs over more than one line (or stanza). This assists the flow of a poem
Euphemism Mild expression used to replace a harsh one
Exclamation Exclamatory sentence ending in “!” to convey high emotion
Form Purpose and features of a text influence its construction and will suggest its structure
Figurative Language & Sound Devices metaphor, metonymy, hyperbole, simile, personification, assonance, alliteration, consonance, onomatopoeia, etc. These devices have a powerful impact as they work on our senses to strengthen the subject matter of the text
Fractured/Truncated Sentences Incomplete sentences used to increase tension or urgency, or reflect the way people speak to each other
Gaps & Silences What is not said; whose voice isn’t heard and whose voice dominates?
Humour Incongruity, parody, satire, exaggeration, irony, puns etc. used to lighten the overall tone
Icons A single person, object or image that represents complex ideas and feelings
Imagery Vivid pictures created by words. Reader visualises character/setting clearly
Imperative Voice Forceful use of the verb at the start of sentence or phrase
Intertextuality A text makes a reference to other texts, may be explicit, implied or inferred
Irony Gap between what is said and what is meant
Juxtaposition Layering images/scenes to have a dramatic impact
Level Of Usage Of Language Slang, colloquial, informal or formal
Linear Sequential – in chronological order
Metaphor Comparison of 2 objects where one becomes another – adds further layers of meaning about object being compared
Modality The force the words are delivered at. High modality = forceful. Low modality = gentle
Non-Linear Non-sequential narrative, events do not occur in chronological order
Onomatopoeia A word that echoes the sound it represents. Reader hears what is happening
Parody Conscious imitation for a satiric purpose
Person First, second or third person. First person refers to the speaker himself or a group that includes the speaker (i.e., I, me, we and us). Second person refers to the speaker’s audience (i.e., you). Third person refers to everybody else (e.g., he, him, she, her, it, they, them), including all other nouns (e.g. James, Swedish, fish, mice)
Personification Human characteristics given to a non-human object. Inanimate objects take on a life
Perspective A particular way of looking at individuals, issues, events, texts, facts etc
Plosive Consonants Harsh sounds in a sentence or phrase
Repetition Of words or syntax (order of words) for emphasis or persuasion
Representation How a composer conveys meaning through textual features
Satire Composition which ridicules in a scornful & humorous way
Setting Location of a story – internal and external
Sibilance Repetition of ‘s’ – can sounds melodious and sweet or cold and icy
Simile Comparison of 2 objects using ‘like’ or ‘as’
Symbolism When an object represents one or more (often complex) ideas
Syntax – Sentence Structure Short, simple sentences or truncated sentences create tension, haste or urgency; compound or complex sentences are slower, often feature in formal texts
Tense Present, past, future (events are predicted)
Theme Message or moral of a story – makes us ponder bigger issues in life
Tone The way composer or character feels – conveyed by word choice
Word Choice or Diction Emotive, forceful, factual, descriptive, blunt, graphic, disturbing, informative etc. E.g. use of forceful verbs ‘insist’ & ‘demand’ can be very persuasive
What is Visual Literacy? Visual Literacy is the ability to understand how visual texts are composed and how viewers will respond to the visual representation
Salience The most salient part of an image is what stands out the most when we first see the image
Reading Path It is the sequence that our eyes follow as we view and image
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