OTSFAMT2

Derek James
Flashcards by Derek James, updated more than 1 year ago
Derek James
Created by Derek James almost 4 years ago
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OTS FA MT2
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Normal Ruminal pH **6-7 for green fodders and TMR diets** 5.5-6.5 for grain feeder
Causes of Rumen Alkalosis Simple Indigestion Urea Indigestion Putrefaction of ruminal content GI stasis Pyloric Outflow problems
Causes of Rumen Acidosis Grain overload Chronic rumen acidosi
Gram +ve to Gram -ve Ratio Perform a gram stain and assess ratio. In acidosis, we expect a shift toward Gram +ve predominance.
Methylene Blue Reduction Test Measures the activity of bacT that reduces the dye. Measures time until the colour disappears. Normal <3mins Prolonged >5mins
Treatment of Simple Indigestion Cathartics: MgSO4 (Epsom's Salts) Antacids: MgO, MgOH2 Oral electrolytes Transfaunation of rumen fluid Feed good quality stalky hay in recovery
Acute Rumen Acidosis General AKA Grain overload Acute impaction of rum, D-Lactic acidosis, grain engorgement, acute indigestion rumen overload, overeating syndrome. Common (esp feedlots) Potentially lethal within 24h
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