PE cue cards

Isabel Barbero
Flashcards by Isabel Barbero, updated more than 1 year ago
Isabel Barbero
Created by Isabel Barbero over 3 years ago
24
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Description

Year 11 Physical Education (PE) Flashcards on PE cue cards, created by Isabel Barbero on 03/27/2017.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Benefits of exercise... - Social - Mental - Physical
Influences on involvement in physical activity... - Cultural - Health & Well-being - Image - People - Socio-economic - Resources
Sporting initiatives - Top Link - Start-Stay-Succeed - Sports Equipment
Government Initiative PESSCL (PE School Sport & Club Link) - aim to increase opportunities for 5-16 year olds - strengthen links between schools and local sports clubs - development of the school sports partnership
Fitness The ability to meet the demands of the environment
Health State of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of ideas or infirmity
Exercise Planned, structured and repeated body movements done to improve one or more components of physical exercise
Health Related Components of Fitness - Cardiovascular Fitness - Muscular Strength - Muscular Endurance - Flexibility - Body Composition
Skill Related Components of Fitness - Power - Coordination - Reaction Time - Agility - Balance - Speed
Methods of Training - Cross - Circuit - Weight - Interval - Continuous - Fartlek
Aerobic - Oxygen - Long distance runners
Anaerobic - No oxygen - Sprinters
Components of a Healthy Diet - Carbohydrates - Protein - Fat - Vitamins - Minerals - Water - Fibre
Macro Nutrients Needed in large amounts in your diet e.g. carbohydrates, fat, protein
Micro Nutrients Needed in small amounts in your diet e.g. vitamins & minerals
Ectomorph - Tall - Thin - Narrow shoulders and hips e.g. high jumpers, long distance runners
Mesomorph - Muscular physique - Wide shoulders, narrow hips e.g. sprinters, swimmers, rowers
Endomorph - Short - Dumpy - Narrow shoulders, wide hips e.g. sumo wrestlers
Principles of Training - Individual needs - Specificity - Progressive Overload
SMART Targets - Specific - Measurable - Achievable - Realistic - Time-bound
Optimum Weight The ideal weight for different types of athletes will depend on the demands of their sport
Anabolic Steroids - Increase muscle mass But... - Increase blood pressure
Beta Blockers - Lower heart rate - calming effect But... - Lowers heart rate to dangerous levels
Stimulants - Increases alertness But... - insomnia, high blood pressure
Diuretics - Increase rate of urination, lose weight faster - masking agent But... - Dehydration
EPO (Peptide Hormones) - Increase number of red blood cells, increase body capacity to carry oxygen But... - Increased risk of blood clots
Narcotic Analgesics - Reduce the feeling of pain But... - Make injured worse
Recreational Drugs - Alcohol can calm & nicotine can increase alertness as can caffeine But... - Increased risk of cancer, alcohol and caffeine can cause dehydration
Heart Rate Number of times the heart beats per minute
Stroke Volume The amount of blood ejected from the heart per minute
Blood pressure Force exerted by the circulatory blood against the blood vessel walls
Cholesterol Fatty substance carried in the blood by lipoproteins which comes in two forms (HDL/LDL)
Alveoli Air sacs where gaseous exchange takes place
Tidal Volume The amount of air expired and inhaled with each normal breath
Vital Capacity The amount of air that can pass in and out of the lungs through maximum inhalation and exhalation
Oxygen Debt The extra oxygen consumed during recovery compared to that consumed at rest
Flexion Angle at the joint is getting smaller
Extension Angle at the joint is getting bigger
Abduction Movement away from the body
Adduction Movement towards the body
Rotation Movement around the joint
Plantar Flexion Pointing toes downwards
Doris Flexion Toes pointing upwards
Bicep Flexion at the elbow
Triceps Extension at the elbow
Deltoids Abduction at the shoulder
Latissimus Dorsi Adduction at the shoulder
Pectorals Adduction and rotation at the shoulder
Trapezius Rotation of the scapular
Abdominals Flexion of the trunk
Gluteals Extension at the hip
Quadriceps Extension at the knee
Hamstrings Flexion at the knee
Gastrocnemius Plantar flexion
Types of joint: Ball & Socket - allow the bone to move round a 360 degree angle - allows flacon, extension, abduction, adduction & rotation - e.g. shoulder & hip joint
Types of joint: Hinge - allow movement backward & forward - Flexion & extension - e.g. knee joint, elbow joint & fingers
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