And the Glory of the Lord- Handel

celeste-sykes
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celeste-sykes
Created by celeste-sykes over 6 years ago
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Handel's 'And the Glory of the Lord'
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7 key features of Baroque music. Simple, mainly diatonic harmonies Movements that keep the same mood throughout The use of continuo Terraced dynamics Ornamentation Complex contrapuntal writing Orchestras made up largely of string instruments
4 key Baroque composers Handel, Vivaldi, Purcell, Bach
Dates of Baroque period 1600-1750
Handel-And the Glory of the Lord From what type of work is the movement taken? What date, and where was it composed? Where does the movement come from in the piece it was taken from? Oratorio, 'Messiah' 1741, London First chorus of Messiah
Name the three performing forces Choir is SATB Accompanied by strings and continuo Orchestra often doubles vocal line
How many motifs in the movement 4
What is the first motif and it's features. 'And the Glory of the Lord' First sung by Altos in bar 11, clearly outlines key of A major.
What is the second motif and its features? 'Shall be revealed' First sung by tenors in bar 17, melisma on 'revealed', descending sequence.
What is the third motif and it's features? 'and all flesh shall see it together' First sung by Altos in bar 4, short descending figure from A to E, repeated twice.
What is the fourth motif and its features? 'For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it' First sung by tenors and basses, starting in bar 51. A most of is at the same pitch ( around A ) and uses long notes notes it sounds solemn.
3 points on the rhythm, metre and tempo of 'And the Glory of the Lord' the piece is in a dance like metre of 3/4. 3 crotchets per bar. It is mostly very quick (allegro) however towards the end of the piece there is a bar of silence. Followed by 3 slower bars marked (adagio) to create a drawn out ending. There are an number of hemiolas in the piece such as in bars 9-10.
2 points on the tonality and harmony of 'And the Glory of the Lord' The piece is in A major however it does modulate to two related keys, the dominant (E major) and the supertonic (B major), the work ends with a plagal cadence in A major. The harmonies are diatonic.
4 points on the texture of 'And the glory of the Lord' The piece alters between homophonic and contrapuntal texture. The first passage is sung by the whole chore and is homophonic. This is followed by the contrapuntal section 'shall be revealed'. There is a short monophonic passage in bars 108-9 Handel uses imitation, for example in bars 17 the tenors sing 'Shall be revealed' and this is repeated by the altos and basses. The number of parts varies.
2 points on the word setting of 'And the glory of the Lord' It is a mixture of syllabic and melismatic. For example motif four is syllabic. Where as motif 2 'revealed' is melismatic. Different phrase are repeated many times, helping to make it as clear as possible.
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