The US responded to the 9/11 attacks by launching a war on terror. But what were the consequences of this? This chart reflects of some of the lessor known consequences which continue to affect the world we live in today.
Hearts and minds
Difficult to win the hearts and minds of the Afghan people. There were many civilian casualties (caught in the crossfire) and thousands of refugees. While many innocent Afghans were rounded up and interrogated as suspected militants. Many people were reluctant to cooperate with the security forces.
There was much sympathy for Islamic militancy. For example, the government in Pakistan struggled to control elements within its intelligence service that were sympathetic towards the Taliban. Also, US tactics, such as detention and torture, undermined sympathy for the US and support for militancy.
Tension between the media and governments in Britain and the US, who felt the media had been too quick to criticise US forces and has ignored the actions of terrorists.
Afghanistan proved too difficult to control. Taliban and Al-Qaeda continued to mount hit-and-run attacks on Western forces in an insurgency.
This fell under the Taliban, but rose again and Afghanistan now supplies 90% of the world's heroin.