The French Revolution


4 ESO Giza (My Mindmaps) Mind Map on The French Revolution, created by Aritz Ibarra on 08/11/2013.
Aritz Ibarra
Mind Map by Aritz Ibarra, updated more than 1 year ago
Aritz Ibarra
Created by Aritz Ibarra over 9 years ago

Resource summary

The French Revolution
  1. The causes of the French Revolution
    1. The influence of the Enlightenment


      • French intellectuals and the bourgeoisie supported Enlightenment ideas and tried to put them into practice. Free and equal under the law.
      1. The political crisis


        • In France, the Estates General brought together representatives of the three estates of the realm to advise the king.
        1. The economic crisis


          • The goverment expend a lot of money in the military forces and the intend to increase the taxes.
          1. The social crisis
          2. The beginning of the Modern Age
            1. The points that marked the begining of the Modern Age
              1. A political revolution ended the Ancient Regime in France
                1. In Spain, the first steps towards a new political, economic and social order.
                  1. Introducing new habits and customs.
                    1. Art reflected the political, economic and social changes of the time.
                  2. The outbreak in 1789
                    1. Before the French Revolution, enlightened despot failed
                    2. Major events of the French Revolution
                      1. The National Assembly
                        1. Third Estate proposed, one vote for each representative
                          1. The king refused
                            1. Third estate declared themselves the representatives of the nation
                              1. They formed a National Assembly
                                1. They demanded a constitution
                        2. The Constituent Assembly
                          1. The king agreed to the demans
                            1. Constituen Assembly was elected to write a constitution
                              1. On 14 July 1789, they attacked the Bastille
                                1. They abolished the Declaration od the Rights of Man and the Citizen
                                  1. The king worried tried to escape to Austria to ask for help, but the revolutionaries discovered the king´s plans and prevented his escape
                                    1. In 1791, the Constituent Assenbly adopted a constitution
                          2. The Legislative Assembly
                            1. A new Legislative Assembly was elected
                              1. Two groups dominated this assembly
                                1. The Girodins


                                  • Belived in the revolution, became more moderate. To mantain limited suffrage
                                  1. The jacobins


                                    • Also believed in the revolution, became more moderate, to mantain limited suffrage.
                                    1. Louis XVI opposed the reforms of the Leislative Assembly and asked Austria for support.
                                      1. The king, abolished the monarchy and declarated France a republic.
                                2. The Convention
                                  1. Louis XVI was accused of treason and then executed.
                                    1. European countries declared the war to france to prevent the spred of the recolution.
                                      1. Under the leadership of Robespierre, the jacobins imposed the dictatorship, known as the Terror
                                  2. The Directory and the Consulate
                                    1. By 1795, they established the Directory.
                                      1. The Directory was a more conservative goverment.
                                        1. 5 members
                                          1. In 1799, Framce was still at war with other European powers
                                            1. In response, General Napoleon Bonaparte organised a militar goverment.
                                              1. A new form of goverment called the Consulate
                                                1. Napoleon himself as head of state and First Consul
                                  3. From Revolution to empire
                                    1. Napoleon then declared himself Emperor of France in 1804.
                                      1. Domestic policy
                                        1. He established the Civil Code, that was applied equally to all citizens.
                                        2. International policy
                                          1. However, from 1812 onwards, his power began to decline becouse he had to divide his forces between two very distant fronts
                                            1. Spain
                                              1. Russian Empire
                                            2. Was finally defeted in 1815 at the Battle of Wateloo
                                          2. The consecuences of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Empire
                                            1. Political Changes
                                              1. New forms of goverment, such as constitutional monarchies and republics
                                                1. New constitutions on popular sovereignty, separation of powers
                                                  1. New constitutions, limited male suffrage
                                                    1. Elections led to the emergence of political groups
                                                    2. Economic changes
                                                      1. All citizens now had to pay taxes. Nobility and clergy also
                                                        1. New laws guaranteed private property rights.
                                                          1. Free trade was also guaranteed, which benefied middle-class merchants
                                                          2. Empire was the crisis and ultimate disintegration of the Ancient Regime
                                                            1. Social Changes
                                                              1. Ancien Regime, the estates system ceased to exist.
                                                            2. Spain: occupation and liberation
                                                              1. In 1788, Carlos IV became King of Spain.
                                                                1. Napoleon´s occupation of Spain
                                                                  1. In 1805, French and Spanish forces were defeted in Trafalgar, by the British
                                                                    1. In 1807, Spain signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau with France
                                                                      1. In the end, the French forces occupied Spain and sent Carlos IV and his son Fernando to Bayonne
                                                                        1. Joseph Bonaparte, the new King of Spain in 1808
                                                                  2. War of Independence began on 2 May 1808, when the people of Mardrid rose up against the French occupation.
                                                                    1. During this war, two important processes were taking place at the same time
                                                                      1. The War
                                                                        1. At first, the Spanish forces won some victories, such as the Battle of Bailen.
                                                                          1. Cadiz was the only city that did not fall to French
                                                                            1. The French were finally defeated in 1813, thanks to British suport
                                                                            2. The political revolution
                                                                              1. During the war two separate goverments coexisted in spain
                                                                                1. Joseph Bonaparte imposed the Bayonne Constitution, which included enlightened reforms
                                                                                  1. Joseph Bonaparte had some Spanish supporters, who were called afrancesados
                                                                                  2. The Central Council represented the absent Fernando VII in the areas not occupied by the French
                                                                                  3. On 19 March 1812 established the following principles:
                                                                                    1. Constitutional monarchy as the form of goverment
                                                                                      1. Popular sovereignty with limited male suffrage
                                                                                        1. Catholicism as the state religion
                                                                                          1. The separatioon of powers into three branches:
                                                                                            1. Executive
                                                                                              1. Legislative
                                                                                                1. Judicial
                                                                                                2. Guaranteed rights and freedoms:
                                                                                                  1. Equality under the law
                                                                                                    1. The right to privacy
                                                                                                      1. Freedom of the press and the prohibition of torture.
                                                                                            2. Life during the revolution
                                                                                              1. Family
                                                                                                1. Marriage became civil union, and divorce was legalised
                                                                                                  1. Recognised the rights of children who were born outside of marriage
                                                                                                  2. Daily life
                                                                                                    1. The revolutionaries rejected the traditional calendar, with its Christmas holidays
                                                                                                      1. The months of the year were given new names that reflected meteorological conditions
                                                                                                      2. Women
                                                                                                        1. Revolutionary leaders opposed women´s participation in politics
                                                                                                          1. Overall, women continued to be limited to domestic roles
                                                                                                            1. Many women participated in the revolution and demanded the right to vote
                                                                                                            2. Technological advances
                                                                                                              1. France adopted the metric system of measurement
                                                                                                                1. Napoleon´s army used carriages as ambulances
                                                                                                                  1. French troops kept their food in metal tins to keep it fresh
                                                                                                                2. The empire style and Goya
                                                                                                                  1. Spain: Francisco de Goya (1746-1828)
                                                                                                                    1. Was a court painter. His experiences were duting the War of Independence
                                                                                                                    2. Neoclassic: the empire style
                                                                                                                      1. Architecture: Commemorative arches and colums, similar to Roman style
                                                                                                                        1. Sculpture: Made with white marble, represented mythological or famous people
                                                                                                                          1. Painting: historical and mythological themes. Also portraits
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