Mind map about research instruments like observations


Mind map About research instruments like observations
Jose Eduardo Armemta
Mind Map by Jose Eduardo Armemta, updated more than 1 year ago
Jose Eduardo Armemta
Created by Jose Eduardo Armemta over 2 years ago

Resource summary

Mind map about research instruments like observations
  1. Definition
    1. Observation is a fundamental element of any research process; the researcher relies on it to obtain the greatest number of data. Observation is a fundamental element of any research process; the researcher relies on it to obtain the greatest number of data.
    2. Planning
      1. It implies that the object or situation to be observed, how it will be observed and at what times, must be determined based on a previously formulated hypothesis or assumption.
      2. Conducting an observation
        1. Steps
          1. First step: observe a phenomenon. It consists of studying a phenomenon and analyzing the doubts that arise around it.
            1. Second step: formulate a hypothesis. It consists of the hypothesis or answer to the question that will allow to find the cause of the phenomenon. The hypothesis is a possible answer that after investigation can be affirmed or refuted.
              1. Third step: plan the study methodology. It consists of establishing a series of ordered steps to analyze the object or situation, so that the study methodology can be repeated to corroborate the results.
                1. Step four: collect data. It consists of recording the data, both qualitative and quantitative, that are obtained during the research process and that provide results.
                  1. Fifth step: check or refute the hypothesis. It consists of drawing a conclusion based on the results, which will affirm or reject the initial thesis.
                    1. Step six: disseminate the results. It consists of publishing the findings in a dissemination channel validated and recognized by the scientific community, which will support the research. All scientific research work must be validated and then made public.
                  2. issues
                    1. It cannot be applied in large populations or for too long periods of time because it requires the presence of an observer at a certain time.
                      1. It is subject to certain subjectivity or bias on the part of the observer, because each person perceives reality differently.
                      2. Data Analysis
                        1. Scientific observation has the ability to describe and explain behavior, having obtained adequate and reliable data corresponding to behaviors, events and / or situations perfectly identified and inserted in a theoretical context.
                        2. uses
                          1. unsystematic observation: This observation consists of a direct verification, without any explicit objective and without being perfectly defined, without a specific order or planning. They are direct written narratives or data collected in a haphazard way.
                            1. semi-systematic observation: in this the objectives of the registry are set a priori; They need to plan the order and time, it is necessary to specify the antecedent behavior or event, the observed nucleus and the subsequent behavior or event, but the behaviors to be observed are not categorized.
                              1. Systematic observation: they try to group the information based on certain previously established criteria or based on these records. It requires categorizing facts, behaviors and / or events to be observed.
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