originated with a
group of Paris-based
The Impressionists faced harsh
opposition from the conventional art
community in France. The name of the
style derives from the title of a Claude
Monet work, Impression, soleil
levant (Impression, Sunrise).
characteristics include relatively
small, thin, yet visible brush strokes,
open composition, emphasis on
accurate depiction of light in its
Inclusion of movement as a crucial
element of human perception and
experience, and unusual visual
Radicals in their time, early Impressionists violated the rules of
academic painting. They constructed their pictures from freely
brushed colours that took precedence over lines and contours.
They also painted realistic scenes of modern life, and often
painted outdoors. Previously, still lifes and portraits as well
as landscapes were usually painted in a studio.
The Impressionists found that they could capture the momentary
and transient effects of sunlight by painting en plein air.