Prehistory and History

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Examen de Sociales de Prehistoria e Historia
Jorge Marcos
Mind Map by Jorge Marcos, updated more than 1 year ago
Jorge Marcos
Created by Jorge Marcos almost 9 years ago
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Resource summary

Prehistory and History
  1. Periods of History
    1. Prehistory
      1. Starts with the apperance of the first Hominins (4.2 million years ago) and the ends with the writing (Around 3000 BC)
        1. Paleolithic age
          1. Old stone age (4.2 million years 10000 BC) Tools or utensils were carved (Tallar) from stone approximately 2.5 million years ago
            1. Art and religion in the Paleolithic period
              1. Artistic representation
                1. Cave paintings
                  1. Paintings were made on the walls and ceilings of the caves. The colour were obtained from natural elements. It is believed they had a magical purpose: successful hunting
                  2. Mobile art
                    1. Portable artistic objects, such as animal figures, etc. The most notable are the venus figurine
                  3. Religious representation
                    1. The first humans worshipped the natural elementals. Practised magic rituals to promete fertility and to the help hunting
                2. Live in the Paleolithic
                  1. • Hunter gathers. •Nomadic. •Lived in caves . •Hunted in groups. •Stone and bones. • Groups were small.
                3. Neolithic Age
                  1. New stone age ( 10000-4000 BC) and polish stone and culture had its origin
                    1. Art and religionin the Neolithic Period
                      1. The most Notable artisatic achievement
                        1. Religious beliefs
                      2. Live in the Neolithic age
                        1. Humans became producers with the introduction of the farming and agriculture. The first crops to be cultivated were cereals and first animal to be domesticated were goat, sheep and pig. Humans became sedentary. The population increased. Specialised tools: Axe. Other crafts developed
                      3. Metal age
                        1. (4000-3000 BC) Tools were made of metal
                          1. The period can be divided into 3 stages
                            1. Copper age
                              1. Bronze age
                                1. Iron Age
                                2. Life in Metal age
                                  1. New invention. The economy was still based of farming. More diverse the work because metal artisans appeared. Trade developed because it became necesary to exchange metals for others product. Villages grew. Social inequalities increased
                            2. History
                              1. Start invention of writting and leads up to present times:This periods can be divided into 4 stages
                                1. ANCIENT HISTORY
                                  1. Invention of writting until the fall of the Western Roman Empire (476 AD)
                                  2. THE MIDDLE AGES
                                    1. from 476 AD until the fall of Constantinopleto the Turks (1453) or alternative, the sicovery of America (1492)
                                    2. THE MODERN PERIOD
                                      1. from either 1453 or 1492 until the beginning of the French revolution (1789)
                                      2. THE CONTEMPORARY PERIOD
                                        1. From 1789 until the present
                                  3. Human origin and revolution
                                    1. The process of hominisation
                                      1. The features that distinguish
                                        1. Bipedalism
                                          1. (Upright walking) which changes the position of the spinal cord
                                          2. Cranial changes
                                            1. which consisted of a smaller jawbone apparence of a chin and increased brain size
                                            2. Changes in the hand
                                              1. The most important was the development opposable thumb which made holding objects easier
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