1.1 i. The speaker is lying - she is trying to convince
herself but knows she won't recover from the loss.
1.2 ii. It feels like a disaster but
she can eventually recover.
2.1.1 Has 5 tercets and one quatrain
2.1.2 Two rhymes (in this poem -aster, -ent)
2.1.3 Two refrains: line 1 becomes
line 6, 12 and 18; line 3
becomes line 9, 15, and 19
2.1.4 In the end the poem feels forced -
she is repeating herself to impose
structure on experience of loss.
2.1.5 Because of the villanelle, we know
the final word will be 'disaster' so
creates a sense of inevitability
2.1.6 Has idea of two at the heart of its course
2.2 Losses in poems escalate from keys, to names, to a
mother's watch, to a continent (a hyperbole? - so
exaggerated we don't believe her) to a loved one.
3.1 Loss and grief
4 Voice and tone
4.1 Begins boldly - narrator sounds
self-confident and even fussy as she's
instructing us that she has the answers.
4.2 Reassuring us and trying to be
brave at the same time
4.3 Breaks down in end
4.3.1 Addition of 'too' in 'the art of losing's not too hard to
master' and repetition of 'like' as she stutters to repeat
her mantra appear to be a struggle and denial of truth.
She's vulnerable and can't maintain her facade.
5.1 Image of 'two cities' and 'two rivers' could
represent her relationship with her partner.