special diets

a stoddart
Mind Map by a stoddart, updated more than 1 year ago
a stoddart
Created by a stoddart over 5 years ago
51
2

Description

Mind Map on special diets, created by a stoddart on 08/19/2014.

Resource summary

special diets
1 CHD/high cholesterol
1.1 fatty deposits on artery walls limits blood flow
1.2 causes
1.2.1 heart attack
1.2.2 angina
1.2.3 death
1.3 risk factors
1.3.1 high cholesterol/blood pressure
1.3.2 smoking
1.3.3 obesity,diabetes
1.3.4 stress
1.4 dietary guidelines
1.4.1 reduce saturated fat & cholesterol
1.4.2 low fat foods, no salt
1.4.3 increase fibre
1.4.4 avoid white bread..,sugar
1.4.5 increase fruit/veg.
1.4.6 increase unsaturated fat (e.g.omega 3)
1.5 types of cholesterol
1.5.1 HDL-removes cholesterol from arteries
1.5.2 LDL (low density lipo proteins)-deposits on arteries
1.6 functions of cholesterol
1.6.1 produces hormones for growth
1.6.2 part of bile
2 vegetarianism
2.1 types-all no meat
2.1.1 pesco -eat fish
2.1.2 lacto-eat dairy
2.1.3 lacto-ovo- eat eggs& dairy
2.1.4 pollo-no red meat,eat chicken
2.2 Why
2.2.1 wrong to kill
2.2.2 dont like taste/look/smell
2.2.3 Health-avoid CHD
2.2.4 religion
2.2.5 family influence
2.3 advantages
2.3.1 less saturated fat
2.3.2 high fibre
2.3.3 less salt
2.3.4 less chance obesity/diabetes
2.4 planning diet
2.4.1 4 vegetarian food groups
2.4.2 veg.protein-TVP (H.B.V), tofu, Quorn
2.4.3 wholemeal cereals-fibre & vit. B2, zinc, iron
2.4.4 veg. stock cubes
2.4.5 vegan- no dairy so use fortified soya milk/yoghurt, green veg. for calcium
2.4.6 dark green veg,wholegrains-iron
2.4.7 Fortified cereals/soya milk/supplements- B12
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