Universal Truths presented by William Golding's Lord of the Flies By: Jeff Bonhoff

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English Mind Map on Universal Truths presented by William Golding's Lord of the Flies By: Jeff Bonhoff, created by witherlord34 on 06/01/2013.

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Created by witherlord34 over 6 years ago
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Universal Truths presented by William Golding's Lord of the Flies By: Jeff Bonhoff
1 Power has the ability to either improve or corrupt it's wielder. Having power changes anyone, for better or for worse.
1.1 Ralph became more caring towards his group when he had power.
1.1.1 "They talk and scream. The Littluns. Even some of the others. As if--" Golding 52 Ralph is worrying about his tribe.
1.1.1.1 "All this I meant to say. Now I've said it. You voted me chief. Now you do what I say." Golding 81 Ralph is doing what is best for the group instead of what they want.
1.1.1.1.1 Ralph shows that power does not corrupt everyone, some people have enough goodness inside them to overcome the greed and lust for power.
1.2 Jack, upon obtaining power, becomes corrupt and greedy.
1.2.1 "... You Littluns started all this, with the fear of talk. Beasts! Where from?..." Golding 82 Jack is antagonizing the Littluns and blaming them for everything going wrong.
1.2.1.1 "They hate you, Ralph. They're going to do you." "They're going to hunt you tomorrow." Golding 188 The twins warn Ralph that Jack and his tribe are going to hunt him down.
1.2.1.1.1 Jack has a very quick descent into madness after obtaining power over Ralph, which shows that he has become animalistic in his obsession of dominance.
1.3 Roger transformed from being a bully, to becoming a murderer.
1.3.1 "Roger lead the way straight through the castles, kicking them over, burying the flowers, scattering the chosen stones." Golding 60 Roger is being a bully simply because he enjoys it, and he can do so without consequences.
1.3.1.1 "Roger, with a sense of delirious abandonment, leaned all his weight on the lever." Golding 180 Roger deliberately dropped the boulder down, killing Piggy.
1.3.1.1.1 Roger became a murderer when he joined Jack's group and it became good for him to be one. Ralph would never have allowed him to do something like that. The fear that he radiates gives him power over most of the other savages.
2 The only thing to fear is fear itself. Fear creates the problem not solves it.
2.1 Simon's encounter with the Lord of the Flies
2.1.1 "There isn't anyone to help you. Only me. And I'm the Beast." Stated the Lord of the Flies. "Pig's head on a stick." Stated Simon" Golding 143
2.1.1.1 The only way to actually "defeat" the Beast is to let it overcome you and realize there was no Beast in the first place.
2.1.2 "Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill!" said the head" Golding 143
2.1.2.1 This represents that you cannot kill the beast, even if they killed something, they would still see things they thought was the beast.
2.2 The Littluns and the Beast
2.2.1 "Now he says it was a beastie." "Beastie?" "A snake-thing. Ever so big. He saw it." Golding 35 The first Littlun to complain about the Beast.
2.2.1.1 This is an example of something small having large repercussions in the future. If this Littlun had not mentioned the Beast or if nobody believed him, the entire ordeal of the island could have been spared.
2.2.2 "... then I saw something moving among the trees, something big and horrid." Golding 85 Phil, a Littlun, describes his encounter with the Beast.
2.2.2.1 The Beast that Phil sees is actually Simon, this symbolizes that the Beast is actually people or rather, inside most people.
2.3 Piggy's fear of Jack's group.
2.3.1 "Piggy asked no names. He was intimidated by this uniformed superiority and the offhand authority in Merridew's/Jack's voice." Golding 20-21
2.3.1.1 Piggy is afraid of Jack before he becomes a savage, suggesting he knows something the others do not.
2.3.2 "I'm scared of him," said Piggy, "and that's why I know him. If you're scared of someone you hate him but you can't stop thinking about him. You kid yourself he's all right really, an' then when you see him again; it's like asthma an' you can't breathe." Golding 93
2.3.2.1 Unlike most of the characters in this novel, Piggy has a rational fear, which comes true. He also mentions that there is nothing to fear unless we fear people, which is what it comes to at the end.
3 The nature of any society depends on the morality of its members. People in a group define the nature of the group.
3.1 Ralph's group has a good willed nature, it also has good morals
3.1.1 "They stole it. We'd have given them fire if they'd asked." Golding 170 Ralph's group was willing to give Jack's group fire even after they killed Simon.
3.1.1.1 The group doesn't think Jack as their enemy, even though he hates them. This shows that Ralph is the better person because he doesn't have pride.
3.1.2 "I wasn't scared," said Ralph slowly, "I was- I don't know what I was" Golding 156
3.1.2.1 Ralph and his group feel really guilty about Simon's death, while Jack's group thinks nothing of it. Ralph realizes the power of group influence, if a group is doing something, people who aren't part of it will join in even
3.2 Jack's group has a chaotic nature, the group's morals hardly exist at all.
3.2.1 "Kill the Beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! Do him in!" Golding 152 Jack's Hunters chant this while they murder Simon who they think is the Beast.
3.2.1.1 The Hunters killing Simon represents the Hunters killing the remaining goodness left in themselves.
3.2.2 "He's going to beat Wilfrid." "What for?" "I don't know. He didn't say. He got angry and made us tie Wilfrid up." Golding159 Roger and Robert discuss what happened to Wilfrid.
3.2.2.1 If Jack is going to violently beat Wilfrid for some reason, it shows that he cannot use reason, only violence, to solve problems.
3.3 The wandering Littluns have a neutral nature, they do as they please.
3.3.1 "...they waited for two minutes, then they fell in the sea; they went in the forest; they just scattered everywhere." Golding 46 Piggy states that he has no control over the Littluns
3.3.1.1 The Littluns define innocence on the island, they do whatever they want with no idea as to the consequences.
3.3.2 Below them, boys were still labouring, though some of the Littluns had lost interest." Golding 39
3.3.2.1 The Littluns won't pay attention for any long period of time, even if it means they might be rescued. This symbolises that some of the Littluns might not even want to go home.
4 Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Putnam Publishing Group, 1954. Novel.

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