Globalization

Description

12. Klasse Englisch Mind Map on Globalization, created by Lina W on 01/25/2018.
Lina W
Mind Map by Lina W, updated more than 1 year ago
Lina W
Created by Lina W over 4 years ago
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Resource summary

Globalization
  1. Negative effects
    1. individual cultures could blend into one global culture
      1. people in developing countries still suffer from malnutrition/ die of curable diseases
        1. people work under cruel working conditions (sweatshops)
          1. fincancial crisises will ultimately affect other countries bc of global trade
            1. diseases can easily spread
              1. refugee crisis in europe
              2. Progress
                1. planes, ships, trains were developed
                  1. fast transportation of goods from one country to another
                  2. Internet
                    1. collaboration between business partners is easier
                    2. cost-effectiveness of multinational companies
                    3. Economic challenges
                      1. costumers want best cost/perfomance ratio -> competion in global market
                        1. employees can't defend their rights
                          1. outsourcing damages local labour markets
                            1. sweatshops
                              1. exploiting of the poor and indirect support of child labour
                                1. workers probably won't use the products they assemble
                                  1. widening gap between the rich and poor
                                    1. national crisises
                                    2. Ecological challenges/role of customers
                                      1. environmental pollution (doesn't stop at borders)
                                        1. factories produce exhaust fumes
                                          1. vehicles on the roads steadily increase
                                            1. more and more are travelling by plane
                                              1. "Food-miles": loads of imported fruits and vegetables
                                                1. "carbon footprint"
                                                2. global warming and its effects
                                                  1. greenhouse gases trap heat and cause the temperature to rise
                                                    1. floods in coastal areas, heavy rainfall, droughts, melting of glaciers
                                                      1. biodiversity is threatened bc of desertification and extinction
                                                        1. unwise use of water ressources -> desertification
                                                          1. environmental sustainibility is an important topic for many nations
                                                          2. Kyoto protocol (2005)
                                                            1. reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by an annual 5.2%
                                                              1. national limitations
                                                                1. 138 nations have signed it (2010)
                                                                  1. developing countries need more time and financial support
                                                                    1. Also: Paris Agreement adopted by 195 coutnries
                                                                    2. conflict between economic and ecological aspects
                                                                      1. companies face global competition
                                                                        1. countries refuse to protect the environment bc of disadvantages for companies
                                                                          1. international cooperation since pollution does not stop at borders
                                                                          2. media and communication
                                                                            1. connect with people all over the world
                                                                              1. collecting and exploiting user's data
                                                                                1. keep in touch with friends
                                                                                2. UN
                                                                                  1. preserve international peace
                                                                                    1. defends human rights and fundamental freedoms
                                                                                      1. promote friendly relations between nations
                                                                                        1. support international cooperation
                                                                                          1. conflict management and establish lasting peace
                                                                                            1. humanitarian aid
                                                                                            2. EU
                                                                                              1. 28 states belong to the EU
                                                                                                1. prevent extreme forms of nationalism
                                                                                                  1. promote social progress while still keeping diversity alive
                                                                                                    1. friendly relations between member countries
                                                                                                      1. freedom and justice for Europeans
                                                                                                        1. respect human rights
                                                                                                          1. military cooperation in peacekeeping missions
                                                                                                          2. International peacekeeping
                                                                                                            1. peacekeepers are sent to the countra once peace has been established
                                                                                                              1. soldiers, police officers or other civilian personnel
                                                                                                              2. overseeing elections
                                                                                                                1. providing reconstruction aid
                                                                                                                  1. NATO
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