2.3 - Water conflict in the Middle-East

RoryFlynn2
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

A-level Geography G3 (Water) Mind Map on 2.3 - Water conflict in the Middle-East, created by RoryFlynn2 on 06/06/2013.

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RoryFlynn2
Created by RoryFlynn2 over 6 years ago
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2.3 - Water conflict in the Middle-East
1 Palestine - Made up of West Bank, Gaza Strip, Eastern Jerusalem
1.1 Is not internationally recognised as a country
1.2 Gaza Strip 40km long + 10km wide
1.2.1 Home to more than 1.5 million people
1.2.2 GS conflict - Egypt, Arab-Israel war- 1967
1.3 Israel pulled out in 2005 - Still exercise control
1.4 2007 - Hamas (Militant Islamic group) take over strip
2 The Gaza Strip
2.1 360 ppl per km sq
2.2 45% of land agric
2.3 115km under irrigation
2.3.1 Serious water qual issues
2.3.2 Irrigation vital to economy
3 Climate
3.1 Hot summers, mild winters
3.2 Relies on winter rainfall
3.3 High evaporation
3.4 Recharge of aquifers needed
3.4.1 Only natural water supply - no rivers
4 Reasons for limited water
4.1 Low rainfall
4.2 Over us of resources
4.3 Political competition
4.4 Israelis living in Jewish settlements - no water restrictions
4.4.1 Subsided water - costs $0.1 per cubic meter
4.4.2 Has access to most reliable aquifers
4.4.2.1 Settlements thrive
4.5 Palestine economy suffers
4.5.1 Big gap in living standards - political conflict rising
5 What scarcity in Gaza Strip
5.1 Military action damaged water infrastructure
5.2 High birth rates for Israel and Palestine
5.3 Pollution from agric chems - sewage seeping from septic tanks - damaged in attacks
5.4 Over pumped aquifers
5.4.1 water table fallen
5.4.2 Sea water gets in
5.4.3 Crops damaged
6 Impact of polluted water
6.1 Kidney disease
6.2 People too poor for bottled water
6.3 10,000 Gazans don't have access to water
7 Problems with repairing damaged infrastructure
7.1 2007 Gaza blacked by Israel and Egypt so can't get supplies
7.2 Urgent need to cement, pipes, pumps etc
8 Way forward
8.1 New but primitive waste water plants
8.2 New shallow wells dug
8.3 New desalination plants and international help needed with this

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