special diets part 3 higher level

a stoddart
Mind Map by , created about 5 years ago

coeliac disease, diabetes

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a stoddart
Created by a stoddart about 5 years ago
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special diets part 3 higher level
1 coeliac disease
1.1 undigested gluten damages villi of small intestine
1.2 cant absorb nutrients
1.3 symptoms
1.3.1 tiredness
1.3.2 weight loss
1.3.3 slow growth
1.3.4 abdomen pain
1.3.5 deficiency diseases-anaemia,osteoporosis
1.4 dietary guidelines
1.4.1 gluten free foods-eggs, fish,milk
1.4.2 gluten free products - biscuits, pasta, bread; rice,rice flour
1.4.3 hidden sources gluten-sausages,sauces,gravy
1.4.4 avoid wheat (bread,pasta), rye,oats, barley
2 diabetes
2.1 not enough insulin/insulin doesnt work
2.2 insulin-made by pancreas-controls glucose levels in blood
2.3 TYPE 1- insulin dependent
2.3.1 childhood/teenager
2.3.2 no insulin -need injections
2.4 Symptoms
2.4.1 frequent urinating
2.4.2 thirsty
2.4.3 glucose in urine
2.5 Type 2- non insulin independent
2.5.1 later life
2.5.2 link to weigh gain
2.5.3 not enough insulin/ineffective
2.5.4 diet/medication
2.6 dietary guidelines
2.6.1 reduce sugar
2.6.2 artificial sweetners & diabetic foods
2.6.3 low GI foods
2.6.4 regular meals
2.6.5 reduce saturated fat
2.7 health problems
2.7.1 hypoglycaemia
2.7.1.1 blood sugar drops, insulin higher
2.7.1.2 irritable,perspire
2.7.2 hyperglycaemia
2.7.2.1 blood sugar rises-need insulin
2.7.2.2 diabetic coma
2.7.2.3 vomitting
2.7.3 sight loss
2.7.4 kidney damage