4) Damages

Alex Cooper
Mind Map by Alex Cooper, updated more than 1 year ago
Alex Cooper
Created by Alex Cooper almost 7 years ago
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Tort Law Mind Map on 4) Damages, created by Alex Cooper on 07/07/2013.
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4) Damages
1 EGG SHELL PRINCIPLE
2 NY: P'S RECOVERY REDUCED BY AMOUNT RECEIVED FROM OTHER SOURCES
3 EQUITABLE REMEDIES & INJUNCTIONS
3.1 Remedies & Injunctions available
3.1.1 Preliminary injunctions
3.1.1.1 i) Show likelihood of success on the merits
3.1.1.2 ii) Show irreparable harm
3.1.2 Permanent injunction - issued at end of litigation
3.1.3 Negative / prohibitory injunction - i.e. X enjoined from doing something
3.1.4 Mandatory injunctions
3.2 TEST
3.2.1 1) P must show no "adequate remedy at law"
3.2.1.1 money damages will not provide adequate remedy i.e. where tortious conduct repetitive / on going (trespass)
3.2.1.1.1 Note: court can give injunction + money damages
3.2.2 2) P must show the he has a protectable right involved in this particular law suit
3.2.2.1 'free square'
3.2.3 3) Injunction must be enforceable
3.2.3.1 Issue with affirmative or mandatory injunction
3.2.4 4) Balance of hardships - benefit to P must outweigh hardship to D
3.3 Defenses against injunction (not liablity)
3.3.1 i) P has unclean hands
3.3.2 ii) Laches - prejudicial delay in bringing request for injunction
3.3.3 iii) 1st Amendment - there can be no prior restraint
4 AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSES
4.1 Common law - majority abolished + in NY
4.1.1 Contributory negligence
4.1.1.1 Bars P's right to recovery
4.1.1.1.1 Exception: Last clear chance
4.1.1.1.2 Imputed contributory negligence
4.1.2 Assumption of risk
4.1.2.1 NY: Primary assumption of risk - applies only to participants or spectators of formal recreational activities
4.1.2.1.1 Duty to retrain from reckless conduct - lower duty
4.1.2.1.2 You "assume the risk"
4.2 Majority rule + NY: Doctrine of comparative negligence
4.2.1 i) D must show P failed to exercise proper care for his own safety (reasonable prudence)
4.2.2 ii) D must show P is expected to observe self-protecting statues (e.g. don't jade walk)
4.2.3 Remedies
4.2.3.1 Pure comparative negligence
4.2.3.1.1 Damages allocated by percentage of fault
4.2.3.1.1.1 P always recovers something
4.2.3.2 Modified or partial comparative negligence
4.2.3.2.1 If P's fault over 50% - absolute bar to recovery
4.2.3.2.2 P's fault under 50% - recovery reduced by %
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