ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

emptyastea
Mind Map by emptyastea, updated more than 1 year ago
emptyastea
Created by emptyastea almost 7 years ago
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CHEMISTRY 2 Mind Map on ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, created by emptyastea on 07/07/2013.
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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
1 CHARACTERISTIC OF ORGANIC COMPOUND
1.1 all contain C atom & most H atom
1.2 heteroatom
1.2.1 halogen
1.2.2 oxygen
1.2.3 sulphur
1.2.4 nitrogen
1.3 physical properties
1.3.1 non-polar
1.3.2 insoluble in polar solvent
1.3.3 soluble in non-polar solvent
1.3.4 low m.p.& b.p.
1.3.5 non-electrolyte
1.4 chemical bond
1.4.1 sharing electron
1.4.2 covalent compound
1.4.3 can form single, double @ triple
1.4.4 C atom - 4 bonds
2 TYPES OF FORMULAE
2.1 stuctural formulae
2.1.1 condensed
2.1.2 skeletal
2.1.3 expanded
2.2 molecular formulae
2.3 empirical formulae
2.4 general formulae
2.5 3-dimensional formulae
3 MOLECULAR COMPLEXITY
3.1 straight chain
3.2 branched chain
3.3 rings
3.4 FUNCTIONAL GROUP- chemistry of compound
3.5 can be arranged in different position
4 TYPES OF CARBON & HYDROGEN IN ORGANIC MOLECULES
4.1 alkyl group ( CnH2n+1 )
4.2 primary
4.3 secondary
4.4 tertiary
4.5 quartenary
4.6 carbon - attaches to alkyl group
4.7 hydrogen/ alcohol/ haloalkenes - attaches to types of carbon atom
5 HOMOLOGOUS SERIES
5.1 same functional group-same chemistry
5.2 FG is not change position
5.3 prepared by similar methode
5.4 physically changes- molar mass increase
6 FUNCTIONAL GROUP
7 ISOMERISM
7.1 stuctural
7.1.1 chain isomerism

Annotations:

  • different C atom same chemical prpties slightly diff. physical prpties more branching=lower b.p. (little VDW)
7.1.2 position isomerism
7.1.3 functional group isomerism
7.2 stereoisomerism

Annotations:

  • atom occupy different position in space
7.2.1 geometrical isomerism

Annotations:

  • get whwn molecules have a chiral centre.  2 non-superimposible mirror images
7.2.2 optical isomerism

Annotations:

  • restrictes rotation of C=C
7.2.2.1 Cis
7.2.2.2 Trans
8 TYPES OF BOND CLEAVAGES
9 TYPES OF REACTING SPECIES
10 TYPES OF ORGANIC REACTION
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