1. The ANCIEN RÉGIME

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Social Studies Mind Map on 1. The ANCIEN RÉGIME, created by rits on 10/15/2014.
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1. The ANCIEN RÉGIME
1 Political, social and economical system which existed in most of Europe during the 18th century.
2 Renaissance - French Revolution (1789)
3 Term first used by French Revolutionaries = period that had to end.
4 Countries ruled by absolutism: monarch -> absolute control.
5 CHARACTERISTICS
5.1 1. Absolute monarchy: monarch - 3 powers
5.1.1 Judicial
5.1.2 Executive
5.1.3 Legislative
5.2 2. Feudal society
5.3 3. A stagnant population due to:
5.3.1 a) High birth and death rate due to:
5.3.1.1 Poor hygiene
5.3.1.2 Arcaic medical techniques
5.3.2 b) Periodic demographic crisis due to:
5.3.2.1 Famines
5.3.2.2 Epidemics
5.3.2.3 Wars
5.3.2.4 Illnesses
5.4 4. Agricultural economic system
5.4.1 Agriculture - first economic resource
5.4.1.1 80% of the workforce
5.4.1.2 Set of rights lord - peasants
5.4.1.2.1 PEASANTS
5.4.1.2.1.1 1. Gave a portion of the harvest
5.4.1.2.1.2 2. Paid taxes
5.4.1.2.1.3 3. Worked on the land
5.4.1.2.2 LORD
5.4.1.2.2.1 1. Farmland
5.4.1.2.2.2 2. Housing
5.4.1.2.2.3 3. Prodection
5.4.2 Industry
5.4.2.1 Guilds: medieval assosiations of specialized workers
5.4.2.2 Domestic system
5.4.3 Trade
5.4.3.1 Luxury: colonies
5.4.3.2 Poor inside the realms
5.4.3.3 Lack, slow and expensive ways of transport
6 DIVINE RIGHT THEORY
6.1 King = God's wish, agent of God
6.2 The king acted for the benefit of the people
6.3 Anyone was superior than him. Attempt to depose the king = sacrilegious act.
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