Why Teach Art and Design?

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Reasons for teaching art and design.
Mind Map by Amy Williams9517, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Amy Williams9517 over 8 years ago

Resource summary

Why Teach Art and Design?
  1. Helps children become better learners
    1. NC: “experiment, invent and create their own works of art” (DfE 2013, p176).
      1. cognitive skills
        1. Art develops cognitive skills (Tarr and Thomas 2000)
        2. resilience, positivity, flexibility, risk-takinng and persistence
          1. modifications are evaluated not criticised (NACCCE 1999).
            1. verifies that ideas don’t have to succeed first time (Stephens 1994)
              1. different outcomes steers away feelings of right and wrong (Robertson 2014)
              2. TASC framework (Wallace 2001)
                1. Blooms Taxonomy: higher order thinking
                2. independence and curiosity
                  1. NC: “involve exploring, investigating, experimenting, playing, reflecting” (EAG 2014, p1).
                3. “evaluate and analyse creative works” (DfE 2013, p176)
                  1. effective questioning
                    1. critical thinking
                      1. creative thinking always involves critical thinking (NACCCE, 1999, p33)
                  2. improve own learning
                    1. NC: Sketchbooks: reflect for progress
                  3. Enhances ceativity
                    1. creative curriculum
                      1. Explore Art through stimulating experiences. e.g. nature, senses, galleries, professionals or the streets
                        1. creativity in education is in policies in almost every country in the world (Das et al 2011)
                      2. Essential in society
                        1. contributes to the “culture, creativity and wealth of our nation” (DfE 2014, p176).
                          1. pupils’ are accountable for future culture and invention (Bamford 2006).
                        2. Acheivement
                          1. spatial intelligence strength can flourish (Gardiner 2011)
                            1. discovering strength increases self esteem and motivation in education (NACCCE 1999)
                        3. Develops physical skills
                          1. improves fine motor skills and visual perception
                            1. NC: “develop a wide range of art and design techniques … with a range of materials” (DfE 2013, p176).
                          2. Improves social skills
                            1. peer support, guidance and feedack
                              1. improves artwork, self-esteem and peer relationships (Hallam et al 2014)
                              2. Talk for learning
                                1. helps to think, develop, learn and understand (Dawes 2008).
                                  1. Social Constructivism: children learn through dialogue (Pritchard 2009).
                                    1. language is a ‘tool for thinking’, (Dawes 2008)
                                    2. Speaking and listening
                                    3. inclusion
                                      1. alternative form of communication
                                        1. NC: use art to “share their ideas, experiences and imagination” (DfE 2013, p176).
                                          1. ‘visual language’ (Cox and Watts 2007)
                                            1. benefits communication barriers or reluctant writers (Robertson 2014)
                                          2. express problems and feelings
                                          3. multisensory
                                            1. inclusion of pupils with a sensory impairment (Cox and Watts 2007).
                                            2. involves skills from across the curriculum
                                              1. Different intelligence strengths (Gardiner 2011)
                                            3. Can support other subjects
                                              1. Arts as a Tool for Learning Across the Curriculum (Das et al 2011).
                                                1. ensures art is not marginalised (Russell-Bowie 2009)
                                                  1. improves achievement across education (Bamford’s 2006)
                                                  2. apply skills and knowledge from one subject in the context of another (QCA 2014)
                                                    1. Take One Picture: artwork supports other subjects (The National Gallery 2014)
                                                      1. extends subject knowledge as well as develops transferable skills (Das et al 2011).
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