External factors affecting the difference in gender achievement

Leanna V
Mind Map by Leanna V, updated more than 1 year ago
Leanna V
Created by Leanna V over 5 years ago
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Mind Map on External factors affecting the difference in gender achievement, created by Leanna V on 11/11/2014.

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External factors affecting the difference in gender achievement
1 THE IMPACT OF FEMINISM
1.1 Feminism is a movement that strives for equal rights for women. The feminist movement has had success and ultimately helped to raise women’s expectations and self-esteem. This is shown through media. All these changes encourage girls to have ambitions and improve their self-image and therefore could explain why their educational achievement has improved – they work harder to achieve their ambitions.
1.2 McROBBIE compared girls’ magazines in the 1970s and 1990s. They used to be about getting married but now they’re about being independent and strong.
2 CHANGES IN THE FAMILY
2.1 changes include: ^ divorce rate, ^ cohabitation, ^ no. of lone parent families, smaller families. All these changes affect girls’ attitude to education because more females are needing to take the role of a breadwinner, so they need to study hard in order to get a good job which will allow them to be financially independent.
3 CHANGES IN WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT
3.1 1970 EQUAL PAY ACT makes it illegal to pay women less than men for work of equal value. Women are breaking the ‘glass ceiling’ and achieving high-level jobs. All of this encourages women to see their future in terms of paid work, not housewives. Greater career opportunities and better pay acts as an incentive for girls to achieve higher in school.
4 GIRLS’ CHANGING AMBITIONS
4.1 Girls’ view of their future/ambitions are changing. Supported by SHARPE who conducted interviews with girls in the 1970s and 1990s about how they see themselves in the future. In the 1970s, they had low aspirations as they felt that educational success was unfeminine, which was unattractive. In the 1990s, careers and being able to support themselves was the girls’ main priority. They saw themselves as more independent.
4.2 FRANCIS (2001) asked girls about their career ambitions and most had high aspirations, not many viewed their future traditionally. These ambitions need qualifications, so it could explain why the educational achievement in girls increased.
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