This is a little mind map to give you an idea of what the character, Macduff, is like through examples from the text, Macbeth, itself.
And I have hopes that this gives you some insight on what Macduff is like through others' words or actions.
1.1 1. As Macduff sets off to England, he
goes to see Malcolm, with hopes of
convincing him to gather an army to
rid of the tyrant, Macbeth. Though
Malcolm is not easily convinced and is
suspicious. Thinking that Macduff may
be a spy. So he tests him by saying that
he would be even worse if he were to
rule Scotland; and of course, Macduff's
patriotic words convince Malcolm,
making Macduff worthy of Malcolm's
1.1.1 "Fit to govern? No, not to live. O nation miserable! With an untitled
tyrant bloody-sceptered, when shalt thou see thy wholesome days
again, since that the truest issue of thy throne by his own
interdiction stands accursed and does blaspheme his breed? Thy
royal father was a most sainted King. The Queen that bore thee,
oftener upon her knees than on her feet, died everyday she lived.
Fare thee well! These evils thou repeatest upon thyself have
banished me from Scotland. O my breast, thy hope ends here!"
1.2 2. As Macduff meets with Malcolm, Malcolm
tells Macduff to sit with him and weep and cry
their hearts out because of the tyrant who rules
Scotland, Macbeth. But Macduff refuses and
tells him that they must stay strong and firm
with sword in hand to defend their homeland
like honorable men.
1.2.1 "MALCOLM: Let us seek out some desolate
shade and there weep our sad bosoms empty.
MACDUFF: Let us rather hold fast the mortal
sword and, like good men, bestride our
downfall'n birthdom." (4.3.1-4)
2 1. Loyal
2.1 1. As Macduff discovers that the King has been
murdered, his loyality of the king is shown
through the words he says. And through these
words, he seems to mourn for his death more
than the King's sons.
2.1.1 "Oh horror! Horror! Horror!
Tongue nor heart cannot concieve
nor name thee!" (1.3.64-65)
2.1.2 "Most sacrilegious murder hath
broke ope the Lord's anointed temple
and stole thence the life of the
2.2 2. Macduff has always been devoted to King
Duncan. Even after the death of King Duncan,
Macduff still acknowledges the King and highly
respects him. Referencing what he knows.
2.2.1 "The royal father was a most
sainted King." (188.8.131.52)
3 3. Affectionate
3.1 1. When Macduff is told that Macbeth has murdered is family, he is
outraged, in an outbirst of emotion, showing that he not only cares
of Scotland, but also his own family. Then regretting for leaving his
family vulnerable to the evils of Macbeth, and decides to take
3.1.1 "He has no children. - All my pretty ones? Did you say all?
O hell-kite! All? What, all my pretty chickens and their
dam at one fell swoop?" (4.3.248-251)
3.1.2 "I shall do so, But I must also feel it as a man. I cannot but remember such things
were that were most precious to me. Did heaven look on, and would not take their
part? Sinful Macduff, they were all struck for thee! Naught that I am, not for their
own demerits, but for mine, fell slaughter on their souls. Heaven rest them now." (4.3.253-260)
4 4. Honest
4.1 1. At first he firmly believes that Duncan's
attendants, suborned by Malcolm and
Donalbain, have committed the murder, and
he does not hesitate in letting his opinion be
4.1.1 "They were suborned. Malcolm and Donalbain,
the king's two sons are stolen away and fled;
which puts upon them suspicion of the deed."
5 5. Impulsive
5.1 1. As Macduff leaves for England, he acts on the
spur of the moment without thinking of the
possible results that may occur while he is away
so suddenly without notice. Which leaves his
wife and family vulnerable to the tyrant,
Macbeth. And also Macduff's own wife, Lady
Macduff, is lead to believe that Macduff has
become a traitor because of this impulsiveness.
5.1.1 "Wisdom! to leave his wife, to leave his babes, his mansion and
his titles in a place From whence himself does fly? He loves us not -
he wants the natural touch. For the poor wren, the most
diminutive of birds, will fight, Her young ones in her nest, against
the owl." (4.2.8-16)