Dream of a Lost Friend - Duffy

Heloise Tudor
Mind Map by Heloise Tudor, updated more than 1 year ago
Heloise Tudor
Created by Heloise Tudor almost 6 years ago
44
1

Description

A mindmap analysing Carol Ann Duffy's poem 'Dream of a Lost Friend'. Part of the WJEC syllabus.

Resource summary

Dream of a Lost Friend - Duffy
1 1st Stanza
1.1 "must this be?". Tech: Rhetorical question.

Annotations:

  • The speaker is reluctant to accept their friend's fate.
1.2 "help". Tech: Verb.

Annotations:

  • Conveys their desperation. They're in need of assistance.
1.3 "your white lips". Tech: adjective.

Annotations:

  • The colour white connotes purity, hope, brightness and innocence. But in this sense it's in relation to illness, they're like a ghost. It tells us the person is dying.
1.4 "my dear". Tech: Repetition.

Annotations:

  • Suggests the urgency of the person. They aren't ready and dont' want to die.
2 2nd Stanza
2.1 "harboured a fierce pain". Tech: Metaphor and adjective.

Annotations:

  • A corridor can't harbour pain, so it's a metaphor. It's probably a hospital corridor. The quote conveys how much suffering has occured there.
  • "harboured" usuallt means keeping something safe and protecting it. This contrasts with "fierce pain".
2.2 "frenzied prayers". Tech: Religious language and metaphor.

Annotations:

  • "frenzied" portrays the desperation and fear. They're praying to Chemistry - they're hoping for a cure or treatment that works.
2.3 "hysterical, out of your skull". Tech: adjective.

Annotations:

  • "hysterical" suggests them being either very upset or being deranged. Alternatively they might laugh over-enthusiastically.
  • "out of your skull" is ambiguous. It bears similarity to the phrase 'out of your mind'. So, it's possible the patient was going mad. Subsurdising 'mind' with "skull' implies a loss of self/lack of personality and it symbolises/foreshadows the loss of life.
  • "skull" obviously connotes skeletons and therefore dead bodies/death in general.
2.4 "laughed, a child-man's laugh, innocent, hysterical, out of your skull". Tech: Listing.

Annotations:

  • The description of his laugh descends, becoming more negative with each description.
  • This could symbolise decay and the change from health to illness, and then to death.
2.5 "only a dream". Tech: Repetition.

Annotations:

  • The speaker can't separate reality from fiction.
2.6 "I heard myself". Tech: Reflexive verb.

Annotations:

  • Like an outer-body experience.
2.7 "nuture a virus". Tech: Metaphor.

Annotations:

  • Look after and care for the virus. He fed it by having unsafe sex. His body's looking after the virus until it kills him.
3 3rd Stanza
3.1 "dream". Tech: Repetition.

Annotations:

  • Their friend can onlt be met in thought not in reality as they have passed away.
3.2 Line breaks.

Annotations:

  • These show that conjuring up their memories is difficult and painful.
3.3 "you look well". Tech: Direct speech and adjective.

Annotations:

  • The speaker might be trying to encourage their friend here.
4 4th Stanza
4.1 "where there's life..." Tech: Punctuation and incomplete cliché.

Annotations:

  • This is an incomplete cliché because there is no hope. The ellipsis replaces hope. The friend will certainly die.
4.2 "you were long dead". Tech: Adverb and circular structure.

Annotations:

  • This reinforces that the friend is deceased. "long" implies they've been dead for some time.
4.3 "acting" and "thumbs up". Tech: Metaphor and verb.

Annotations:

  • The friend is behaving as if they are well and happy. But this is a lie, they're putting on a brave face.
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

The Captain of the 1964 Top of the Form Team
Summer Pearce
Futility Flashcards
louisaodell
Hardy's Key Themes
lucysands1
Of Mice & Men Themes - Key essay points
Lilac Potato
John Montague
Tara Matthews
Milgram (1963) Behavioural study of Obediance
yesiamanowl
Love through the ages
acasilva001
Blake Quotes
soozi fullstop
Networks
Will8324
To Kill a Mockingbird -Analysis of Major Characters
sungiemarie