Population Resources

chloe.goodenough
Mind Map by chloe.goodenough, updated more than 1 year ago
chloe.goodenough
Created by chloe.goodenough over 5 years ago
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Thomas Malthus, Boserup and Simon and The Club of Rome
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Population Resources
1 Thomas Malthus
1.1 Was an English church minister
1.2 In 1798 wrote his 'Essay on the Principle of Population as it Affects the Future'
1.2.1 Argued that population grows at a geometrical rate but food supply grows at a arithmetical rate
1.2.1.1 Population growth: 1,2,4,8,16,32 etc. Food supply growth 1,2,3,4,5,6 etc.
1.2.2 Said would inevitably be famine unless mankind showed moral restraint and limited its population growth
1.2.3 Predictions did not come true due to:
1.2.3.1 The agricultural revoltion
1.2.3.2 The discovery of new agricultural lands e.g. North American Prairies
1.2.3.3 Emigration to new territories e.g. North America and Australia
1.3 Pessimistic
1.4 The Prophet of Doom
2 Boserup and Simon
2.1 Ester Boserup was a Danish agricultural economist
2.1.1 1965: put forward theory to explain why Malthus's ideas had not proved to be true
2.1.1.1 Increases in population act to stimulate changes in agricultural methods
2.1.1.2 Necessity is the mother of invention
2.1.1.3 Methods are used to increase the intensity of production and support the increased population
2.1.2 Optimistic
2.2 Julian Simon was an American economist
2.2.1 Wrote 'The Ultimate Resource'
2.2.1.1 Argued that the supply of natural resources is infinite
2.2.1.2 As a resource appears to be running low, its price will rise and so it will be worth people investing time and thought in producing technology that will:
2.2.1.2.1 Find more of the resource
2.2.1.2.2 Extract more from what is already known to be available
2.2.1.2.3 Discover alternate resources that can replace the one in short supply
2.2.1.2.4 Produce alternative ways of organising society to manage without that resource
2.2.1.3 There is only one scarcity: human brain power
2.2.2 Optimistic
3 The Club of Rome
3.1 The Club of Rome Model is a computer based simulation of the future development of the world's population
3.1.1 If present growth trends continue unchanged, the limits to growth will be reached within the next 100 years
3.1.1.1 World population
3.1.1.2 Industrialisation
3.1.1.3 Pollution
3.1.1.4 Food production
3.1.1.5 Resource depletion
3.1.2 It is possible to alter these growth trends and to establish a condition of ecological and economic stability that is sustainable far into the future
3.1.3 The state of global equilibrium could be designed so that the basic material needs of each person could be designed so that the basic material needs of each person are satisfied and each person has equal opportunity to realize their human potential
3.2 Published in 1972 as 'The Limits to Growth'
3.3 Optimistic
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