Physical Education

Beccadf 1
Mind Map by Beccadf 1, updated more than 1 year ago
Beccadf 1
Created by Beccadf 1 about 5 years ago
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Description

Mind Map on Physical Education, created by Beccadf 1 on 01/10/2015.

Resource summary

Physical Education
1 Healthy, Active Lifestyle
1.1 A healthy active lifestyle is one that contributes positively to physical, social and mental wellbeing, and includes regular exercise and physical activity
1.1.1 Physical Benefits
1.1.1.1 Increase fitness
1.1.1.1.1 Improve performance
1.1.1.1.1.1 Physical challange
1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Contribute to physical health
1.1.2 Social Benefits
1.1.2.1 Mix and work with others
1.1.2.1.1 Make new friends
1.1.2.1.1.1 Develop teamwork skills
1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Meet with current friends
1.1.3 Mental Benefits
1.1.3.1 Relieve stress
1.1.3.1.1 Mental challange
1.1.3.1.1.1 Increase self esteem/confidence
1.1.3.1.1.1.1 Enjoyment
1.1.3.1.1.1.1.1 Help the individual feel good
1.1.3.1.1.1.1.1.1 Aesthetic appreciation
1.1.3.1.1.1.1.1.2 Competition
2 Influences on taking part in sport
2.1 They can be both positive and negative
2.1.1 This means they can either encourage partipition or discourage
2.1.1.1 Resources
2.1.1.1.1 Sports need suitable facilities that are accessible,in the right location and are open at the necessery times
2.1.1.1.2 The cost of some sports can affect participation, as well as a persons status
2.1.1.1.2.1 Socio-economic
2.1.1.1.2.1.1 Cultural Factors
2.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 People
2.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Influenced by others: family, peers or rolemodels
2.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1 Image
2.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Health & well being
2.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Illness and health problems can affect participation in some sports, such as asthma
2.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.2 Sport popularity increase-media coverage or fashion assoscated with sports
2.1.1.1.2.1.1.2 Factors such as dissability, age, gender and race can determine which sports to take part in
3 Roles in sport
3.1 Performer
3.1.1 Most common way of being involved in sport, either as a beginner all the way up to being a professional
3.1.2 Leader
3.1.2.1 Official
3.1.2.1.1 To oversee matches, ensuring they are played fairly and to the correct rules
3.1.2.1.2 Volunteer
3.1.2.1.2.1 Take up a variety of roles within a club or at an event, such as looking after kit and equipment, first aid, transport
3.1.2.2 This could in the form of a coach or a teacher to train and develop performers
4 Sports Presentation Pyramid
4.1 This is used to illustrate the development form mass participation at the base of the pyramid to excellence at the top
4.1.1 The grater the number of people who participate, the broader the base
4.1.1.1 The broader the base, the more likely that some will achieve excellence
4.1.1.1.1 Elite/Excellence stage - Top-class sporting performance - eg. Proffessional club, national and international level
4.1.1.1.1.1 Performance stage - Begin to develop talent in a sport and receive quality coaching - eg. Local and regional level
4.1.1.1.1.1.1 Participation stage - Participation in a specific sport is more regular, in their own time and for enjoyment - eg. School/local sports teams
4.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Foundation stage - where they learn basic sports skills - eg. Primary PE lessons
5 Initatives for becoming and remaining involved in sport
5.1 There are a number of key initiatives running that are aimed at getting and keeping people involved in sport
5.1.1 Charities like Sport England are committed to helping people and communities across the country creat sporting habitats for life
5.1.1.1 This means investing in organistaions and projects that will get more people playing sport and creating opportuniries for people to excel at their chosen sport
5.1.1.1.1 On initiative is Sportivate - it's a lottery funded program that gives 11-25 year olds who arn't particulaly sporty access to 6-8 weeks of free or discounted coaching in a range of sports
5.1.1.1.1.1 When the free or low-cost coaching has finished they will be supported to continue playing that sport
5.1.1.1.1.1.1 Targets a variety of young people including those with a disability and people from black and ethnic minority groups
5.1.1.2 Youth Sports Trust
5.1.1.2.1 A registered charity that aims to increase young people's involvement with PE and sport
5.1.1.2.1.1 They help:
5.1.1.2.1.1.1 -Schools and teachers by providing resources
5.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 -Young people get involved in sport through clubs and courses
5.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1 Identify sporting talent and support them in reaching their goals
5.2 Purpose of sports initatiives:
5.2.1 Increase participation and to improve health
5.2.1.1 Retain people in sport throgh an effectve network of clubs, sports facillities, coaches, volunteers and competition
5.2.1.1.1 Craete opportunities for talented performers to achieve success at a high level
6 Governing Bodies
6.1 National governing bodies are resposible for regulating their sport
6.1.1 Each spor's governing body will maintain the rules and discipline, provide coaching and oversee all the clubs involved
6.1.1.1 They will also lookto create opportunities for people to get involved with their sport by providing funding and assistance with coaching, facilities etc.
7 Health, Exercise, Fitness and Performance
7.1 Exercise
7.1.1 'A form of physical activity done to improve one's health and fitness'
7.1.1.1 Health
7.1.1.1.1 'A state of complete mental, physical and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease'
7.1.1.1.1.1 Good health comes from:eating sensibly, limiting alcohol intake, coping with stress, regular rest and sleep, not smoking or taking drugs
7.1.1.1.1.1.1 Physical well-being: cardiovascular and respiritary system works well, strong muscular system, good body shape, can resist and recover from ilness
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Mental: can cope with the stress of life through leisure activities and interests, able to control our emoutions
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Social well-being: can develop friendships and personal relationships, feel good about ourselves with a good self-esteem
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 Fitness
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1 'The ability to meet the demands of the environment'
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 Needed in sport and everyday life
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1 Fitness is developed through exercise and contributes to enhanced performance
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1 Many athletes are fit but not healthy eg, taking performance drugs
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1 Performance
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1 'How well a task is completed'
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Levels of performance differ, from cometing at the world cup, to playing in a local league
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 If you have a good performance, you feel satisfied and successful
7.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Exercise improves health and develops fitness, which enhances performance in physical activity
8 Health related exercise
8.1 Health-Related Exercise is all the fitness components we need to enjoy good health
8.1.1 They are used in sport, but are needed in everyday tasks
8.1.1.1 The components are :
8.1.1.1.1 Muscular Strength
8.1.1.1.1.1 The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance
8.1.1.1.2 Muscular Endurance
8.1.1.1.2.1 The ability to use the voluntary muscles many times without getting tired
8.1.1.1.3 Body Composition
8.1.1.1.3.1 The percentage of body weight that is fat, muscle and bone
8.1.1.1.4 Cardiovascular Fitness
8.1.1.1.4.1 The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time
8.1.1.1.5 Flexibility
8.1.1.1.5.1 The range of movement possible at a joint
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