1.1.2 He is calm and
rational, just as
be. Rather like
a scientist, his
approach in life
is to weigh up
1.1.3 Tries to advise and help Jekyll,
giving advice about his will and
avoiding Hyde, and trying to help
him when he shuts himself in his
room. Jekyll recognises that he is a
good friend, but rejects all his
offers of help.
1.1.4 In Chapter 8, Utterson goes home to read the documents
found in Jekyll's laboratory and promises Jekyll's servant he
will return before midnight. The novel ends with two
chapters containing the two documents he goes home to
read. The reader never discovers Utterson's reaction to
them, or what action he takes. He is left as an
uncompleted character. This is perhaps Stevenson's way of
showing that sensible, rational people do not always have
all the answers.
1.1.5 At no stage does he suspect Jekyll and Hyde are the same person. However, he makes
observations whereby the reader can, looking back, see the evidence. For instance, he asks his
chief clerk, Mr Guest, to look at Hyde's handwriting. When Guest sees that Hyde's and Jekyll's
writing is strangely similar, though with different directions of slope, Utterson draws the wrong
conclusion: that Jekyll has forged Hyde's handwriting to protect him.
1.2 Dr Henry Jekyll
1.2.1 Doctor and scientist
1.2.2 Wealthy and respectable
1.2.3 sociable person in the past,
with a circle of friends including
the lawyer, Utterson, and
another doctor, Lanyon.
1.2.4 During the course of the novel his
behaviour becomes increasingly erratic.
1.2.5 He leaves everything to Hyde in his will. His oldest
friend, Utterson, knows nothing of Hyde and urges
Jekyll to change his will. He fears Hyde has a
mysterious, perhaps criminal, hold over Jekyll, and that
Hyde might murder him to benefit from the will.
1.2.6 In the last
chapter we learn
that Jekyll has
been carrying out
Hyde) from his
1.3.1 Young and small and secretive
1.3.2 People react with horror and fear
when they see him. But there is no
single thing about him that is
especially unpleasant; it is as if his
spirit affects people.
1.3.3 He is violent, and has no sense of guilt about his crimes. In Chapter
1, Hyde assaults a young girl, and in Chapter 4 he beats an elderly
gentleman to death. He has no motive for either of these attacks.
1.3.4 His appearances in the novel
are always brief. People only
catch impressions of him, before
he vanishes into the dark or
behind a door.
18.104.22.168 He and Jekyll were
once close friends and
went to medical
1.4.2 He is a big contrast with
Jekyll, who likes to live
experiment with the
22.214.171.124 He disagrees with Jekyll's ideas and
calls them 'scientific balderdash'. In
Chapter 2, Lanyon has not seen Jekyll
since he started to become 'too
fanciful' and 'wrong in mind'.
1.4.3 Jekyll sees
1.4.4 Lanyon is the only person to actually see Hyde transforming into Jekyll, something that does not fit the
laws of science. When he sees the change, he cannot cope with the fight between his common-sense view
of the world and what Jekyll's experiments reveal.
126.96.36.199 Not long after he becomes mentally and physically ill, and dies.
1.5.1 A distant
Enfield is a
1.6.1 He is
1.6.2 Poole appears
briefly in the novel
from time to time,
Utterson goes to
1.6.3 In Chapter 8, he goes to
Utterson's house to report the
strange goings on in Jekyll's
house. He helps Utterson to
break down the door.
1.7 Sir Danvers Carew
1.7.1 Sir Danvers is a
gentleman who is
beaten to death by
Hyde. This is a
turning point in the
1.8 Mr Guest
1.8.1 Mr Guest is Utterson's secretary
and a handwriting expert. In
Chapter 5, he comments on the
remarkable similarity between
Jekyll and Hyde's handwriting.
2 plot summary
2.1 chapter 1 - story of the door
2.1.1 Utterson and Enfield are out for a walk when they pass a strange-looking door (the entrance to Dr
Jekyll's laboratory). Enfield recalls a story involving the door. In the early hours of one winter morning, he
says, he saw a man trampling on a young girl. He pursued the man and brought him back to the scene of
the crime. (The reader later learns that the man is Mr Hyde.)
188.8.131.52 A crowd gathered and, to avoid a
scene, the man offered to pay the
girl compensation. This was
accepted, and he opened the door
with a key and re-emerged with
some money and a large cheque.
184.108.40.206.1 Utterson is very interested in the case
and asks whether Enfield is certain
Hyde used a key to open the door.
Enfield is sure he did.
2.2 chapter 2 - search for Mr Hyde
2.2.1 That evening the lawyer, Utterson,
is troubled by what he has heard. He
takes the will of his friend Dr Jekyll
from his safe. It contains a worrying
instruction: in the event of Dr Jekyll's
disappearance, all his possessions
are to go to Mr Hyde.
220.127.116.11 Utterson decides to visit Dr
Lanyon, an old friend of his and
Dr Jekyll's. Lanyon has never
heard of Hyde, and not seen
Jekyll for ten years. That night
Utterson has terrible nightmares.
18.104.22.168.1 He starts watching the door (which belongs to Dr
Jekyll's old laboratory) at all hours, and eventually
sees Hyde unlocking it. Utterson is shocked by the
sense of evil coming from him.
22.214.171.124.1.1 Utterson goes next door to warn
his friend, Jekyll, against Hyde,
but is told by the servant, Poole,
that Jekyll is out and the
servants have all been
instructed by Jekyll to obey Hyde.
126.96.36.199.1.1.1 Utterson is worried
that Hyde may kill
Jekyll to benefit from
2.3 chapter 3 - Dr Jekyll was quite at ease
2.3.1 Two weeks
to talk to him
about the will.
188.8.131.52 Jekyll laughs off
comparing them to
to medical science. The
reader now sees why
Lanyon and Jekyll have
fallen out, and starts to
understand that Jekyll's
behaviour has become
184.108.40.206.1 Utterson persists with
the subject of the will.
Jekyll hints at a
between himself and
Hyde. Although he
trusts Utterson, Jekyll
refuses to reveal the
details. He asks him,
as his lawyer not his
friend, to make sure
the will is carried out.
He reassures him that
'the moment I choose,
I can be rid of Mr
2.4 chapter 4 - The Carew murder case
2.4.1 Nearly a year later,
brutally clubbed to
death in the street
by Hyde. The
murder is witnessed
by a maid who
220.127.116.11 A letter addressed to
Utterson is found on the
body and the police
contact him. He
recognises the murder
weapon as the broken
half of a walking cane he
gave to Jekyll years
earlier. When he hears
that the murderer is
Hyde, he offers to lead
the police to his house.
18.104.22.168.1 They are told that Hyde has
not been at home for two
months. But when they search
the house they find the other
half of the murder weapon
and signs of a hasty exit.
2.5 chapter 5 - Inciedent of the letter
2.5.1 Utterson goes to Jekyll's
house and finds him
'looking deadly sick'. He
asks whether he is hiding
Hyde. Jekyll assures him
he will never see or hear
of Hyde again. He shows
Utterson a letter from
Hyde that indicates this.
22.214.171.124 Utterson asks Guest, his head
clerk, to compare the handwriting
on the letter to that on an invitation
from Jekyll. There is a resemblance
between the two, though with a
different slope. Utterson believes
Jekyll has forged the letter in Hyde's
handwriting to cover his escape.
2.6 chapter 6 - The remarkable incident of Dr Lanyon
2.6.1 The police cannot find Hyde. Coincidentally, Jekyll seems
happier and, for two months, he socialises again
126.96.36.199 Suddenly, however, he appears depressed and will not see Utterson. Utterson visits
Dr Lanyon to discuss their friend's health, but finds Lanyon on his death-bed.
188.8.131.52.1 Lanyon refuses to discuss
Jekyll who, he hints, is the
cause of his illness.
184.108.40.206.1.1 Trying to find out
what has happened,
Utterson writes to
Jekyll. He receives a
reply which suggests
Jekyll has fallen into a
very disturbed state
and talks of being
'under a dark
220.127.116.11.1.1.1 Lanyon dies and leaves a letter for
Utterson in an envelope marked
'not to be opened till the death or
disappearance of Dr Henry Jekyll'.
Utterson, being a good lawyer, locks
it away unopened in his safe.
18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124 Utterson tries to revisit Jekyll
several times, but his servant,
Poole, says he is living in isolation
and will not see anyone.
2.7 chapter 7 -
incident at the
2.7.1 Utterson and Enfield are taking one of their
walks, as at the opening of the book. They pass
Jekyll's window and see him looking like a
prisoner in solitary confinement. Utterson calls
out to him and Jekyll replies, but his face
suddenly freezes in an expression of 'abject
terror and despair'.
126.96.36.199 The change in Jekyll's expression is so
sudden and horrible it 'froze the very
blood of the two gentlemen below', and
they depart in silence.
2.8 chapter 8 - the last night
2.8.1 One evening, Jekyll's servant comes to Utterson
and asks him to come to Jekyll's house. They go
to the laboratory, but the door is locked. The
voice from inside does not sound like Jekyll's and
both men believe it is Hyde.
188.8.131.52 Poole says the voice has for days been
crying out for a particular chemical to be
brought, but the chemicals given have been
rejected as 'not pure'.
184.108.40.206.1 Poole says that
earlier he caught
a glimpse of a
person in the lab
220.127.116.11.1.1 They break down the door and inside find a body, twitching. In its hand are the remains of a test tube
(or vial). The body is smaller than Jekyll's but wearing clothes that would fit him.
18.104.22.168.1.1.1 On the table is a will dated that day which leaves everything to Utterson, with Hyde's name crossed
out. There is also a package containing Jekyll's 'confession' and a letter asking Utterson to read Dr
Lanyon's letter which he left after his death (see Chapter 6) and is now in Utterson's safe. Utterson
tells Poole he will return before midnight, when he has read all the documents.
9 - Dr
2.9.1 Chapter 9 lists
the contents of
letter. It tells of
received a letter
asking him to
collect a drawer
chemicals, a vial
and a notebook
laboratory and to
give it to a man
who would call
22.214.171.124 Lanyon says he was curious, especially as the
book contained some strange entries.
126.96.36.199.1 At midnight a man appears. He is small and
grotesque, wearing clothes that are too large for him.
188.8.131.52.1.1 The man offers to take the chemicals
away, or to drink the potion. Lanyon
accepts and, before his very eyes,
Hyde transforms into none other than
Dr Jekyll. In horror at what he has
witnessed, Lanyon becomes seriously
2.10 chapter 10 - Henry Jekyll's full statement of the case
2.10.1 Jekyll tells the story of how he turned into Hyde.
184.108.40.206 It began as scientific curiosity in the
duality of human nature (or the good
and evil), and his attempt to destroy the
'darker self'. Eventually, however, he
became addicted to the character of
Hyde, who increasingly took over and
220.127.116.11.1 The novel does
not return to
Utterson who, at
the end of
Chapter 8, was
going to return to