Norway part 1


Mind Map on Norway part 1, created by Tina Cook on 10/01/2019.
Tina Cook
Mind Map by Tina Cook, updated more than 1 year ago
Tina Cook
Created by Tina Cook about 4 years ago

Resource summary

Norway part 1


    • Everyone between the ages of 6 – 16 must attend school in Norway. All public education is free in Norway, and classes are taught in Norwegian (with the exception of foreign language classes, of course). The Norwegian primary and lower secondary education system was reformed in 1997 and a new curriculum was implemented. The different municipalities in Norway are responsible for the running and administration of their public schools. The school year runs from August to mid June, and consists of two semesters with a Christmas holiday (from mid December to early January) in the middle.
    1. Besides being a good pedagogical institution for children, the kindergartens also take care of children while their parents work or study. The kindergartens therefore also are a means to gain equality between the genders. Kindergartens in Norway are for children aged 0 – 5 years. Children start compulsory school the year they turn six.
      1. ranked 12 in 2009 PISA and ranked 3 in 2012
    2. The first Kindergarten Act in Norway entered into force in 1975. Today’s Kindergarten Act (Act no. 64 of June 2005 relating to Kindergartens) entered into force January 2006. The Kindergarten Act states that the municipalities are the local authorities for kindergartens. The municipality must provide guidance and ensure that kindergartens are operated in accordance with current rules. The municipalities are obliged to ensure that there are a sufficient number of kindergarten places. Private kindergartens have a legal right to approval if they are suitable in terms of purpose and content and fulfil the requirements in the Kindergarten Act. The Government will introduce a legal right to a place in kindergarten when full coverage is reached. The municipalities must approve kindergartens and provide guidance to them. Approximately 50 per cent of the kindergartens are privately owned.
      1. Staffing The Kindergarten Act states that head teachers and pedagogical leaders must be trained pre-school teachers or have other college education that gives qualifications for working with children and pedagogical expertise. Pre-school teacher education is a three years university college study with bachelor degree. Pedagogical leaders without pre-school teacher education must have further education in teaching in kindergartens. According to regulations there must be one pedagogical leader per 7 – 9 children under the age of three and per 14 – 18 children over the age of three. Approximately 30 per cent of these were trained pre-school teachers. Approximately 13 per cent of the head teachers and pedagogical leaders were not educated pre-school teachers and had dispensations from the educational requirement. There is a lack of staff in Norwegian kindergartens today in accordance with the educational requirement.
        1. The Framework Plan states that all kindergartens must work goal-oriented with children’s development and learning, and stimulate children’s linguistic and social competence. Childhood is a phase of life with intrinsic value, kindergartens must be inclusive fellowships with space for each child. The Framework Plan has seven learning areas that children should be acquainted with in kindergartens: • Communication, language and text • Body, movement and health • Art, culture and creativity • Nature, environment and technology • Ethics, religion and philosophy • Local community and society • Numbers, spaces and shapes
          1. The ratio is 1-7 under 3 and 1-14 over 3
            1. ShareThis Environment - current issues: water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions
              1. core time- 3-5 get 20 hours per week free of charge in 2019 expanded to include 2 year olds
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