Fibres and Fabrics

paigecharlton10
Mind Map by paigecharlton10, updated more than 1 year ago
paigecharlton10
Created by paigecharlton10 over 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Fibres and Fabrics, created by paigecharlton10 on 02/04/2015.

Resource summary

Fibres and Fabrics
1 Natural fibres and fabrics
1.1 Cotton
1.1.1 Comes from the fine hairs on the seeds in a ripe seed pod of a cotton plant
1.1.2 Properties
1.1.2.1 Physical
1.1.2.1.1 Strong
1.1.2.1.2 Absorbent
1.1.2.1.3 Cool to wear
1.1.2.1.4 Hard-wearing
1.1.2.1.5 Creases easily
1.1.2.2 Aesthetic
1.1.2.2.1 Smooth
1.1.2.2.2 Versatile
1.1.2.2.3 Easy to care for
1.2 Linen
1.2.1 Comes from the fibrous stem of a flax plant
1.2.2 Properties
1.2.2.1 Physical
1.2.2.1.1 Hard-wearing
1.2.2.1.2 Cool next to skin
1.2.2.1.3 Strong
1.2.2.1.4 Absorbent
1.2.2.1.5 Creases easily
1.2.2.1.6 No drape
1.2.2.2 Aesthetic
1.2.2.2.1 Natural look
1.2.2.2.2 Good handle
1.3 Wool
1.3.1 Comes from the hair of a sheep; a coat or a fleece
1.3.2 Properties
1.3.2.1 Physical
1.3.2.1.1 Warm
1.3.2.1.2 Absorbent
1.3.2.1.3 Low flammability
1.3.2.2 Aesthetic
1.3.2.2.1 Good handle
1.3.2.2.2 Elastisity
1.4 Silk
1.4.1 Comes from the cocoon of a silkworm
1.4.1.1 The outer layer tends to be short staple (broken cocoon)
1.4.1.2 The inner layer comprises long filament fibres carefully unravelled
1.4.2 Properties
1.4.2.1 Physical
1.4.2.1.1 Absorbent
1.4.2.1.2 Soft and comfortable
1.4.2.1.3 Cool
1.4.2.1.4 Warm
1.4.2.2 Aesthetic
1.4.2.2.1 Strong when dry
1.4.2.2.2 Natural sheen
1.4.2.2.3 Handles well
2 Synthetic fibres and fabrics
2.1 Artificial fibres
2.1.1 Comes from coal, oil and other petrol-based chemicals (monomers)
2.1.1.1 The process of joining these monomers is known as polymerisation, these mixed polymers are then spun (twisted) into yarns
2.1.1.1.1 Polyamide
2.1.1.1.1.1 Physical
2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Strong
2.1.1.1.1.1.2 Hard-wearing
2.1.1.1.1.1.3 Good elasticity
2.1.1.1.1.1.4 Doesn't decompose
2.1.1.1.1.2 Aesthetic
2.1.1.1.1.2.1 Versatile
2.1.1.1.1.3 Fabric names
2.1.1.1.1.3.1 Nylon
2.1.1.1.1.3.2 Tactel
2.1.1.1.1.3.3 Tactel micro
2.1.1.1.1.4 End use
2.1.1.1.1.4.1 Clothing
2.1.1.1.1.4.2 Ropes
2.1.1.1.1.4.3 Carpets and rugs
2.1.1.1.1.4.4 Seat belts and sports belting
2.1.1.1.1.5 Advantages
2.1.1.1.1.5.1 Durable
2.1.1.1.1.5.2 Strong when wet
2.1.1.1.1.5.3 Resists bacteria
2.1.1.1.1.5.4 Reasonably inexpensive
2.1.1.1.1.6 Disadvantages
2.1.1.1.1.6.1 Can be damaged by sunlight, making it discolour and weak
2.1.1.1.1.6.2 Poor absorbancy
2.1.1.1.2 Polyester
2.1.1.1.2.1 Physical
2.1.1.1.2.1.1 Strong when wet and dry
2.1.1.1.2.1.2 Flame resistant
2.1.1.1.2.1.3 Doesn't decompose
2.1.1.1.2.2 Aesthetic
2.1.1.1.2.2.1 Versatile
2.1.1.1.2.3 End use
2.1.1.1.2.3.1 Wide range of textile products
2.1.1.1.2.4 Fabric names
2.1.1.1.2.4.1 Terylene
2.1.1.1.2.4.2 Polyester fleece
2.1.1.1.2.4.3 Trevira
2.1.1.1.2.4.4 Fineese
2.1.1.1.2.4.5 Miratec
2.1.1.1.2.4.6 Dacron
2.1.1.1.2.5 Disadvantages
2.1.1.1.2.5.1 Poor absorbancy
2.1.1.1.2.6 Advantages
2.1.1.1.2.6.1 Strong when wet, dries quickly
2.1.1.1.2.6.2 Cheap
2.1.1.1.2.6.3 Hard-wearing
2.1.1.1.2.6.4 Resists bacteria
2.1.1.1.3 Acrylic
2.1.1.1.3.1 Disadvantages
2.1.1.1.3.1.1 Poor absorbancy
2.1.1.1.3.2 Advantages
2.1.1.1.3.2.1 Can be made insulating, warm and soft
2.1.1.1.3.3 Physical
2.1.1.1.3.3.1 Strong but weaker when wet
2.1.1.1.3.3.2 Shrinks from heat and burns slowly then melts
2.1.1.1.3.4 End use
2.1.1.1.3.4.1 Knitwear and knitted jersey fabrics
2.1.1.1.3.4.2 Toys, fake-fur products
2.1.1.1.3.4.3 Upholstery fabrics
2.1.1.1.3.4.4 Anti-bacterial socks and sportswear
2.1.1.1.3.5 Aesthetic
2.1.1.1.3.5.1 Soft, can be made into coarse and fine staple fibres
2.1.1.1.3.6 Fabric names
2.1.1.1.3.6.1 Courtelle
2.1.1.1.3.6.2 Amicor
2.1.1.1.4 Elastane
2.1.1.1.4.1 Fabric names
2.1.1.1.4.1.1 Lycra
2.1.1.1.4.2 Disadvantages
2.1.1.1.4.2.1 Poor absorbancy
2.1.1.1.4.3 Physical
2.1.1.1.4.3.1 Elastic
2.1.1.1.4.3.2 Light weight
2.1.1.1.4.3.3 Strong
2.1.1.1.4.3.4 Hard-wearing
2.1.1.1.4.4 Aesthetic
2.1.1.1.4.4.1 Medium to coarse filament fibres
2.1.1.1.4.5 Advantages
2.1.1.1.4.5.1 Stretchy
2.1.1.1.4.5.2 Can resist sun and sea
2.1.1.1.4.6 End use
2.1.1.1.4.6.1 Mainly swimwear and sportswear
3 Regenerated fibres and fabrics
4 Blended and mixed fibres
5 Fabric construction
5.1 Knitted
5.2 Woven
5.3 Non-woven
6 Fabric finishes
7 The future of fibres and fabrics
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