Corruption

543622362
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Mind Map on Corruption, created by 543622362 on 09/11/2013.

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543622362
Created by 543622362 about 6 years ago
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Corruption
1 Consequences
1.1 Economic
1.1.1 Impede Economic Growth and Performance
1.1.1.1 Unhealthy Business Environment
1.1.1.1.1 Discourage Investment
1.1.1.1.2 Stifle Entrepreneurship
1.1.1.2 Undermine Fiscal System
1.1.1.2.1 Jeopardize Budget
1.1.1.2.2 Exacerbate Deficit
1.1.1.3 Decrease Competitiveness
1.1.1.4 Misallocation of Resources
1.1.1.4.1 Reduce Maginal Output of Input
1.2 Political
1.2.1 Cripple State's Function and Legitimacy
1.2.1.1 Leak State's Secret
1.2.1.1.1 Public Benefits Loss
1.2.1.2 Harm the Judicial System
1.2.1.3 Dampen the Trust between the Government and People
1.2.1.4 Distort Policy Making and Execution
1.2.2 Impede Social Development
1.2.2.1 Deprive People of Scarce Resources and Opportunities
1.2.2.1.1 Block Social Mobility
1.2.2.2 Destroy Public Moral
1.2.2.2.1 Opportunitism, Cynicism, Pessimism
1.2.2.3 Hurt the Poor and Vulnerable
1.2.2.3.1 Aggravate Social Unrest, Protests, Conflicts
2 Causes
2.1 Economic
2.1.1 Escape from High Taxes
2.1.2 Lack of Competition
2.1.2.1 Maintain Barriers to Trade for Competitors
2.1.2.1.1 Gain Economic Rent
2.1.3 Reduce Cost of Time of Doing Business
2.2 Political
2.2.1 Legal
2.2.1.1 Inconsistent and Incomplete Laws
2.2.1.1.1 Light Punishment
2.2.1.2 Discriminatory Enforcement
2.2.2 Bureaucratic
2.2.2.1 Excessive Red Tapes
2.2.2.1.1 Increase cost of processing and doing paperwork
2.2.2.2 Lack of Accountability
2.2.2.3 Low Salary of Officials
2.2.3 Institutional
2.2.3.1 Get Votes
2.2.3.2 Weak Civil Liberties
2.2.3.2.1 Lack of Press Freedom
2.2.3.3 Lack of Transparency

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