Unit 2 topic 2 geography

Jack  Spencer
Mind Map by Jack Spencer, updated more than 1 year ago
Jack  Spencer
Created by Jack Spencer about 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Unit 2 topic 2 geography, created by Jack Spencer on 02/20/2015.

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Unit 2 topic 2 geography
  1. Abu Dhabi
    1. 30,000 hectares of land in Sudan for agriculture seeing as Abu Dhabi is a desert with limited water
      1. The land was given to them free of charge in exchange for tech experties
      2. good idea?
        1. Yes because it give the country a food supply
          1. They have good connections with Sudan
            1. With food prices increasing and might have shortages they have enough food when it becomes hard to come by
          2. Education
            1. 240 litre bins for food and drink cans
              1. For recycling
                1. Empty each week
              2. Advise on reusing materials
                1. Keeping a cardboard box next to printers
                  1. To be used as recycling boxes
                2. free compost bins for fruit and veg peelings
                  1. And a garden waste collection
                3. Thomas Malthus
                  1. 1798 he wrote an essay about population
                    1. He said natural checks would decrease the population
                      1. He believed that humans job was to keep the population low
                        1. It would get to a manageable level before rising again
                        2. He believed that population grew exponentially (1,2,4,8,16 ect)
                          1. He believed the population would decrease from starvation
                          2. Ester Boserup
                            1. People shouldn't give in to disease and famine
                              1. worked in the united nations
                                1. She dint like natural checks
                                  1. So she argued that food production doesn't limit or control the population
                                    1. She claimed that growth controls farming methods
                                  2. She used the term 'agricultural intensification' to explain how how farmers can get more food from the same field increasing their yield
                                  3. Black gold
                                    1. Peak gold
                                      1. When oil production reaches it maximum
                                        1. When it is reached oil prices will increase and become difficult to extract
                                        2. The future
                                          1. Renewable resources
                                            1. Solar, wind
                                              1. Huge increase in oil prices
                                                1. Difficult to extract
                                                  1. Leads to wars over oil
                                                    1. Agreements made to secure oil from other countries
                                                    2. Reserves
                                                      1. Soon there will be less oil to extract with could cause wars
                                                      2. Oil consumption
                                                        1. In 1900, was 1 million barrels day of oil made
                                                          1. 2011 is 87 million barrels a day of oil
                                                            1. America consumes 25% of the worlds oil
                                                              1. Predictions of 2030 is 116 million barrels a day
                                                                1. But industry say its impossible to produce 100 million a day
                                                            2. Hydrogen Economy
                                                              1. Advantages
                                                                1. Easy to split the water to hydrogen and oxygen
                                                                  1. Can be done anywhere
                                                                    1. Harmless to the environment
                                                                    2. Disadvantages
                                                                      1. Splitting takes a lot of electricity
                                                                      2. End of crisis
                                                                        1. Renewable so won't rely on fossil fuels and countries can be indipendant
                                                                        2. Involves
                                                                          1. Taking hydrogen and using it to make electrisity
                                                                          2. What is it
                                                                            1. Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe
                                                                              1. Using hydrogen to power cells and create electrisity
                                                                                1. Creates completely clean energy
                                                                            2. Conservation
                                                                              1. Reducing domestic energy consumption
                                                                                1. UK government affered large subsides for installing private and commercial wind turbines and solar panels
                                                                                  1. House holds with PV panels get paid for every kwh of energy put on the national grid
                                                                                    1. Energy companies could get grants for building turbines
                                                                                      1. 100% of grants
                                                                                        1. Available to low income houses
                                                                                          1. Or who live in an area with high fuel poverty
                                                                                        2. Loans - repaid instalments that are added to the house hold
                                                                                          1. These loans pay for house improvements
                                                                                            1. They are added to the electrical bill over a 7 year period
                                                                                          2. Recycling
                                                                                            1. To make six 1 litre plastic bottles require 1 kg of oil
                                                                                              1. Uk house holds are now recycling more than ever
                                                                                                1. In 2011 the percentage grew from 11% to 40%
                                                                                                  1. Still means an average person disposes 263kg of waste a year
                                                                                                    1. Half goes to land fill
                                                                                                2. UK made 7 million tonnes of waste in 2007 which could have been used to create new power
                                                                                                  1. Government provide 80% of local authoring funds so its target aren't met, petunias can be taken
                                                                                                    1. The amount of oil used in a bottle is enough to run a car for a year
                                                                                                      1. Governments are giving authorities targets to reach
                                                                                                        1. To increase the amount of recycling from energy 52% in wales plantIn 2012-13 to 70% in 2024-25
                                                                                                      2. Solar power
                                                                                                        1. Used to create electrical power
                                                                                                          1. Be used to heat and cool living and work areas
                                                                                                            1. Solar power generators increased by 85% in 2011
                                                                                                              1. Solar power is growing quicker than any other renewable energy
                                                                                                                1. By 2035 renewable energy will be accounting for a third of the worlds energy
                                                                                                                  1. Germany and Italy have the greatest increase
                                                                                                                    1. Reasons for increase of renewable energy resources
                                                                                                                      1. Low costs
                                                                                                                        1. Rising prices of fossil fuels
                                                                                                                          1. Government subsiding to renewable resources
                                                                                                                          2. Collected by using (PV) plants grouped in panels
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