Working conditions were unfair during this era.
Many labor unions were formed to fight against
unfair work policies.
Immigrant living conditions consisted of crowded
living quarters, disease, dirty streets, and water
Big businesses emerged in this time
period, which created new jobs.
Environmentalism emerged during this era. Many
people began to become concerned about the
environment and made it a huge priority.
Women's rights were a big concern. Many suffrage
associations were formed to fight for women's rights to
Racial discrimination was very
prevalent in society after the
time the Civil War ended.
Tensions grew between white
people and people of color and
led to the huge Civil Rights
movement in the 60s.
Theodore Roosevelt served as President
from 1901-1909. He was a republican, a
conservationist, a salesman, and a
Sherman Antitrust was an act that
was ratified in 1890. It regulated
Clayton Antitrust was an act ratified in
1914. It gives an exact definition to what is
and is not considered to be unethical
The Meat Inspection Act was passed in 1906. This act
officially made it a crime to misbrand meat.
The Pure Food and Drug Act was
also passed in 1906. This resulted in
the formation of the Food and Drug
Hull House was a housing place for immigrants. It
was founded by Jane Addams in 1889.
The 19th Amendment was ratified on August 18th,
1920. It states that the government cannot deny any
citizen the right to vote based on their sex.
National Wildlife Refuges are a part of a
system that protects certain areas managed
by wildlife associations.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People (NAACP) was founded in 1909. This was a
response to the racial discrimination at the time and
worked towards equality among African Americans and
Tuskegee Institute is a historically black private college in
Tuskegee, Alabama. It was founded in 1881 by Lewis Adams and
Booker T. Washington.
Upton Sinclair was a writer
who wrote the famed book,
The Jungle, which described
working conditions. His books
brought many social issues to
Jane Addams founded the Hull House.
She was a settlement activist,
reformer, sociologist, and a social
worker. She worked to solve many
problems in society.
Jacob Riis was a social reformer. He took photos and
wrote journals about his experience with social
problems. His work contributed to reforms.
National American Suffrage Association was formed
in 1890 in response to voting inequalities. It
advocated for women's rights to vote.
Alice Paul was a feminist,
suffragette, and activist. She
led many campaigns that
worked towards the 19th
John Muir was known as the "Father of the Mountains". He was a
philosopher, naturalist, and mountaineer. He was one of the first
advocates for the preservation of wildlife in the U.S.
Gifford Pinchot was a politician and forester. Like John
Muir, he worked towards wildlife preservation. He was
a Chief in Pennsylvania's forestry division and
eventually became Governor of Pennsylvania.
Woodrow Wilson served as President from
1913 to 1921. He was a democratic
Booker T. Washington was a teacher and
presidential adviser. He helped to establish the
Tuskegee Institute in 1881.
William Howard Taft served as President from 1909
to 1913. He was also chief justice.