1 Disjointed sentence structure around this chapter,
use of ellipses denote a disjointed emotional state at
this point: "I had expected something different from
Bunty's rite of passage–.." this connotes how difficult it
is for Ruby as she still crave for a fairy-tale mother that
even at her mother's deathbed she wishes for her to
utter words or perform some action that shows they
2 'Kate Atkinson's style of
narration is erudite'
3 The title itself unravels a history of
misdemeanour that Ruby endavour and
how this chapter is link to her retrieval
4 Atkinson explore Ruby's identity further as she
portrays the mother-daughter relationship that
denotes how identity is formed maternally. "I've
come back to dispose the remains of my mother.."
this illustrates how much Ruby resent and wants to
eliminate Bunty, inevitably her identity is linked to
her roots which is her mother.
5 The quest of identity is mainly depicted in this chapter
as many critics argues that Ruby not only realises that
her identity is shaped from her mother but at the
same time realises that her mother is a part of her. For
example as Bunty is on her death bed Ruby suspects
that she is changeling and foresee a confession from
Bunty to state that she isn't her real mother, however
the symbolic use of umbilical cord gives the reader a
sense of acceptance of mother and herself.
6 context- Yorkshire has an
self-nurtured reputation as
a place of heroic complaint.
Nothing is ever quite so bad
as it is in Yorkshire. The
weather is worse, life is
harder, the coal mines are
deeper and darker and the
scenery harsher, you will be
told, than in other, softer