The Study of Language Functions


Lic. inglés como lengua extranjera Mind Map On The Study of Language Functions, created by: Betzi Liliana Daza Guerra 14/04/2020.
Betzi Daza
Mind Map by Betzi Daza, updated more than 1 year ago
Betzi Daza
Created by Betzi Daza over 3 years ago

Resource summary

The Study of Language Functions
  1. Language functions are the socio-cognitive processes of the human’s Neuro-Semantic Language Learning System. The socio (social) piece is the way that a person uses language to communicate with and to other people. And, the cognitive piece is the way a person thinks.
    1. Semantic relationships
      1. basis of language, for all speakers, for all languages, consists of the meaning of those relationships about people, their actions, and their objects within a context or setting.
        1. Socially, children communicate about themselves in relationship to their environment.
          1. Cognitively, children think only about the way they act in relationship to the objects in their world.
            1. These semantic relationships function to connect the child to his or her world and the child’s world to the child’s thinking.
            2. Language function
              1. These structures include:
                1. words
                  1. sounds
                    1. vocabulary
                  2. morphemes
                    1. phonemes
                      1. sentences
                        1. parts of speech
                          1. sentence order
                            1. sentence structures
                          2. English speakers typically study language from a structural perspective
                          3. Extended semantic relationships
                            1. Changes by extension or restriction of meanings The specialization law says that a generic word next to a specifying word becomes a specified word. This fact is only possible in a certain social environment. This law is related to the principle of economy of all languages.
                      2. Expanend language functions
                        1. Displacement
                          1. Refering their actions in the here -and-now to refering to acts that are not seen or touched is another type of language functions
                          2. Speech acts
                            1. Include the rules for the context verbal and non-verbal characteristics of the speakers utterance and the effects and the listener
                              1. Expanden speech acts
                                1. As speakers engage in discourse the language functions of the speech acts generate more and more meaning for the speakers and the listeners
                                  1. Redundancy
                                    1. Try to ise more words to convey a particular meaning
                                      1. Concrete cognition
                                        1. These complex concepts increase the language functions of displacement, semanticity, flexibility, productivity and redundancy
                                  2. Semanticity
                                    1. complexity or semanticity increases over the life of a person so concepts increase in meaning and new meanings continue to develop
                                      1. Flexibility
                                        1. To use language to think about her options and to problems solve provides
                                          1. Productivity
                                            1. The language user has more than one way to use language production
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