Relative Clauses

Lia H
Mind Map by Lia H, updated 9 months ago More Less
Margarita Beatriz Vicente Aparicio
Created by Margarita Beatriz Vicente Aparicio almost 5 years ago
Lia H
Copied by Lia H 9 months ago
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Relative clauses mind map

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Relative Clauses
  1. Defining (identifying)
    1. We CAN'T erase the relative clause
      1. It's the job which I would like to have
        1. It's the job
        2. NO commas
          1. Relative pronoun + preposition
            1. M Barry is the man to whom I sent the letter (Formal)
              1. M Barry is the man I sent the letter to (Standard)
              2. We can erase the relative pronoun when it refers to the Direct Object
                1. She's the woman who I saw.
                  1. She's the woman I saw
                  2. Relative pronouns
                    1. Subject
                      1. People (who/that): She's the woman who (that) reads the news on TV
                        1. Animals and things (which/that): That's the kind of dog which (that) makes a good pet
                          1. People (who/that): She's the woman who I saw on TV
                            1. to/ for/ whith whom: to whom it may concern...
                            2. Animals and things (which/that): This is the house which we live in
                              1. People, animals and things (whose): She's the woman whose car was stolen
                          2. Non defining (non-identifying)
                            1. They give extra information, so we CAN erase the relative clause
                              1. Jane, who I bought my car, has gone to the States
                                1. Jane has gone to the States
                                2. We can't erase the relative pronoun
                                  1. The summer here, which I don't like, lasts for months
                                    1. The summer here, I don't like, lasts for months
                                    2. We use COMMAS
                                      1. Relative Pronouns
                                          1. Person (who): His wife, who is French, speaks 3 languages
                                            1. Animals/Things (which): The PCs, which have been on sales, proved to be fantastic
                                              1. Person (who/whom): His wife, who I met in Paris, is brilliant
                                                1. Animals/things (which): The book, which I finished yesterday, is ok
                                                  1. Person/Animals/Things (whose): His wife, whose car was stolen, is very nice
                                              2. relative adverbs
                                                1. time
                                                  1. Adverb: That was the year WHEN I graduated
                                                    1. Preposition+ which: That was the year IN WHICH I graduated
                                                    2. place
                                                      1. Adverb: That's the factory WHERE I work
                                                        1. Preposition + which: That's the factory IN WHICH I work
                                                        2. reason
                                                          1. Adverb: I'll tell you the reason WHY you were fired
                                                            1. Preposition + which: I'll tell you the reason FOR WHICH you were fired
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