Urbanisation(junior cert GEO)


Mind Map on Urbanisation(junior cert GEO), created by nessatoomey on 03/18/2015.
Mind Map by nessatoomey, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by nessatoomey about 8 years ago

Resource summary

Urbanisation(junior cert GEO)
  1. unplanned growth of cities.
    1. Dublin's development
      1. Vikings
        1. Anglo-Normans
          1. 16th - 18th century
            1. 19th century
              1. Capital
      2. Functional zones
        1. CBD
          1. main businesses, very expensive
            1. Industrial areas
              1. manufacturing centres, heavy industries
                1. industrial estates - outskirts
                2. Residential areas
            2. Paris
              1. primate city
                1. CBD-core area of business and shopping
                  1. banks, stock exchange, government offices
                    1. Shopping activity
                      1. Champs Elysées
                        1. small shopping areas in suburbs
                        2. Residential areas
                          1. apartment blocks, satellite towns
                            1. Industrial areas
                              1. fashion, printing & publishing, modern industries, car assembly
                                1. Open spaces
                                  1. parks, along banks of the Seine
                        3. Land values
                          1. city centre = expensive, multi-storey
                            1. suburbs = costs less, large business companies
                          2. Residential Accommodation
                            1. council apartments
                              1. terraced housing
                                1. expensive town houses
                                  1. semi-detached homes
                                    1. luxury homes
                              2. Quality
                                1. home size- were small now large
                                  1. modern materials- insulation
                              3. Commuting to work
                                1. rush hour traffic
                                  1. congestion charges
                                    1. public transport-nearby,cheap,reliable,fast
                                      1. Dublin-bus,DART,luas
                                        1. restricting car use- expensive parking,clamping,pedestrian only streets
                                  2. Urban problems
                                    1. zones of decline and of sprawl
                                      1. zone of decline=inner city
                                        1. unemployment, population decline,authority housing,derelict sites
                                          1. urban sprawl=uncontrolled spread of the city into the countryside
                                            1. invades countryside,concrete jungle,long commuter journeys
                                              1. Unemployment
                                                1. work near ring roads(suburbs)
                                                  1. CBD=skilled jobs
                                                    1. children drop out of school, not computer literate, basic skills
                                    2. Urban Improvements
                                      1. renewal= knocking down and rebuilding houses/flats for residential purposes
                                        1. redevelopment= knocking down houses/flats and building hotels,etc(function changes)
                                          1. Urban renewal: Fatima Mansions
                                            1. lone parents,poverty,educationally disadvantaged-drop out,unemployment,ill health,drugs
                                              1. renewal:new housing,safe community,raising education levels,improving health,training for jobs...
                                                1. arts&culture,sport & recreation,facilities,environment awareness
                                        2. Planning of new towns
                                          1. Tallaght=improved the area
                                            1. The Square,hospital,LUAS,Tallaght IT,sporting facilities
                                              1. Adamstown
                                                1. new town; near railway,high density, good services, District centre;shops,offices,facilities, sports and parks
                                        3. Urbanisation in the Developing Worls
                                          1. social & economic inequalities , Unplanned development
                                            1. Kolkata
                                              1. social and economic inequalities:CBD=luxurious,wealthy
                                                1. poor districts:narrow streets, cramped homes
                                                  1. taxi drivers,tradesmen,factory workers
                                                    1. they live in Squatter Settlements
                                                  2. Unplanned development: inward migration
                                                    1. Squatter settlements or Shantytowns
                                                      1. near railways,steep banks,under flyovers,waste land,outskirts
                                                        1. health risks:no sanitation or running water
                                                          1. heavy labour:construction,collect recycling,heavy loads
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