Brain Structures and their Functions

umar amir
Mind Map by umar amir, updated more than 1 year ago
umar amir
Created by umar amir about 5 years ago
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Brain Structures and their Functions
1 The Cerebrum
1.1 The cerebral cortex is divided into four sections,
1.1.1 Frontal Lobe
1.1.1.1 associated with reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emotions, and problem solving
1.1.2 Parietal Lobe
1.1.2.1 associated with movement, orientation, recognition, perception of stimuli
1.1.3 Occipital Lobe
1.1.3.1 associated with visual processing
1.1.4 Temporal Lobe
1.1.4.1 associated with perception and recognition of auditory stimuli, memory, and speech
1.2 what?
1.2.1 The cerebrum or cortex is the largest part of the human brain, associated with higher brain function such as thought and action.
2 Limbic System
2.1 what?
2.1.1 emotional brain
2.2 parts
2.2.1 thalamus
2.2.1.1 gatekeeper for messages passed between the spinal cord and the cerebral hemispheres.
2.2.2 hypothalamus
2.2.2.1 controls emotions. It also regulates your body's temperature and controls crucial urges
2.2.3 hippocampus
2.2.3.1 sends memories to be stored in appropriate sections of the cerebrum and then recalls them when necessary.
3 The Cerebellum
3.1 what?
3.1.1 similar to the cerebrum in that it has two hemispheres and has a highly folded surface or cortex
3.2 function
3.2.1 associated with regulation and coordination of movement, posture, and balance.
3.2.2 contributes to coordination, precision, and accurate timing
4 Brain Stem
4.1 what
4.1.1 Underneath the limbic system
4.1.2 links the brain to the spinal cord
4.2 function
4.2.1 responsible for basic vital life functions such as breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure
5 how brain works?
5.1 Teaching Grows Brain Cells
5.1.1 guided instruction
5.1.2 practice with frequent corrective feedback.
5.1.3 providing the brain with the best experiences
5.2 Techniques
5.2.1 Visual paired
5.2.1.1 first presented with pairs of visual stimul
5.2.1.2 5- to 6-month-olds can retain information for as long as fourteen days
5.2.2 Detection paradigm
5.2.2.1 Individuals are shown a number of objects and color samples during a certain period of time
5.2.2.2 tested on their visual ability to remember as much as they can
5.2.3 Deferred imitation
5.2.3.1 shows infants a unique sequence of actions
5.2.4 Free recall
5.2.4.1 list of words and then later they will be asked to recall or write down as many words that they can remember
5.2.5 Recognition
5.2.5.1 objects are asked to remember a list of words or pictures
5.2.5.2 asked to identify the previously presented words or pictures from among a list of alternatives that were not presented in the original list
5.3 Memory
5.3.1 meaning
5.3.1.1 process in which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved
5.3.2 type
5.3.2.1 Sensory memory
5.3.2.1.1 holds sensory information for less than one second after an item is perceived
5.3.2.2 Short-term memory
5.3.2.2.1 recall for a period of several seconds to a minute without rehearsal
5.3.2.3 Long-term memory
5.3.2.3.1 store much larger quantities of information for potentially unlimited duration (sometimes a whole life span)
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