Genetic Engeneering

Nele Ramrath
Mind Map by Nele Ramrath, updated more than 1 year ago
Nele Ramrath
Created by Nele Ramrath almost 5 years ago
26
2

Description

Abitur Englisch (Genetic engeneering) Mind Map on Genetic Engeneering, created by Nele Ramrath on 04/01/2015.

Resource summary

Genetic Engeneering
1 Definition

Annotations:

  • scientific alteration of genetic material to produce desireable new traits or eliminate undesireable ones
2 Use
2.1 Agricultural purposes
2.2 reproduction
2.3 medical purposes
3 Methods
3.1 reproductiv medicine
3.1.1 In vitro fertilisation IVF

Annotations:

  • process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperm OUTSIDE the body in a petri dish and then implanted to the uterus
3.1.2 "Saviour Sibling"

Annotations:

  • In additional tests during the IVF faulty genes are selected or embryous free of mutatuions are chosen to be implanted  --> the healthy sibling is supposed to be a donor for cord-blood stem cell donation
3.1.3 Designer Babies

Annotations:

  • Embryos are genetically altered to include or exclude certain characteristics (EUGENETIC)
3.2 stem cells
3.2.1 Therapeutic cloning

Annotations:

  • Technique merges a cell from patient with a donor egg --> Nucleus is removed and replaced with nucleus of patient --> resulting stem cells carry the patient's own DNA
3.2.2 reproductive Cloning

Annotations:

  • Resulting embryo is allowed to grow and is implanted into a womb --> clone may develope normally into generically offspring --> reproductive cloning is MOSTLY FORBIDDEN
3.2.3 Advantages
3.2.3.1 Stem cells can be transferred into any tissue

Annotations:

  • cure diseases, rebuild organs
3.2.4 Disadvantages
3.2.4.1 Need to use embryonic stem cells (Embryo is destroyed)
3.2.4.1.1
3.2.4.2 New cells might be rejected
4 Ethical questions & problems
4.1 when does life start?
4.2
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