AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

Geography DBH 3
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

ESO 4 History DBH 4 Mind Map on AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE, created by Geography DBH 3 on 10/01/2013.

68
1
0
Tags
Geography DBH 3
Created by Geography DBH 3 about 6 years ago
ART DURING THE ENLIGHTENMENT
Geography DBH 3
The Rise of the Bourbons
Geography DBH 3
ART DURING THE ENLIGHTENMENT - created from Mind Map
Geography DBH 3
GCSE AQA Biology 2 Plants & Photosynthesis
Lilac Potato
1PR101 1.test - 9. část
Nikola Truong
American War of Independence
Saoirse McDonnell
Revolution
Geography DBH 3
18th Century
Geography DBH 3
ENLIGHTENED DESPOTISM
Geography DBH 3
Centralisation and social reforms under the Bourbons
Geography DBH 3
AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

Annotations:

  • 13 British colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America (which were established by Great Britain in the 17th and 18th centuries) fought for their independence.
1 CAUSES
1.1 Ideological

Annotations:

  • The Enlightenment ideas of EQUALITY and LIBERTY formed the basis for the independence movement.
1.1.1 Equality
1.1.2 Liberty
1.2 Political
1.2.1 Representation in Parliament

Annotations:

  • Great Britain refused to give the colonies representation in Parliament.
1.2.2 Taxes

Annotations:

  • Laws were passed in Parliament, including laws related to colonial taxes. The British government increased taxes, and the American colonists refused to pay them.
1.3 Socio-economic

Annotations:

  • Prosperous middle-class colonists wanted control over their own commercial activities.
1.3.1 Control over commercial activities
2 THE WAR
2.1 American colonists refuse to pay taxes
2.2 War breaks out 1775
3 INDEPENDENCE

Annotations:

  • This was a significative triumph for the Enlightenment.
3.1 Declaration of Independence of the USA 4th July 1776
3.2 Great Britain recognises USA 1783
4 CONSTITUTION
4.1 Written in 1787
4.2 Federal Republic

Annotations:

  • The US Constitution, written in 1787, established a Federal Republic. Federal is a system in which several regions or states come together to form a country, but retain power over some aspects of their government.
4.2.1 Popular sovereignty

Annotations:

  • Political system in which citizens have ultimate power. This idea comes from Rousseau.
4.2.2 Separation of powers

Annotations:

  • The three branches of government (legislative, executive and judiciary) are separate from each other. This idea comes from Montesquieu.
4.3 Legal equality
4.3.1 Limited suffrage

Annotations:

  • The Constitution recognised the legal equality of all citizens. But in some states, only male citizens with a certain level of wealth and property could vote in elections.

Media attachments