Aristotle

Rachel Wallace
Mind Map by Rachel Wallace, updated more than 1 year ago
Rachel Wallace
Created by Rachel Wallace about 5 years ago
40
3

Description

Aristotle
Tags

Resource summary

Aristotle
1 Who was he?
1.1 Pupil of Plato
1.2 His thoughts on metaphysics
2 The Four Cases
2.1 Interested in why things exist the way that they do
2.2 He thought that there were four causes for why things exist the way they do
2.3 1. Material Cause: the matter or substance that something is made from
2.4 2. Efficient Cause: The agent that caused the thing to exist.
2.4.1 What caused it? How was it made?
2.5 3. Formal Cause: the plan behind it. What makes it recognisable, structure, form and shape.
2.6 4. Final Cause: The ultimate reason why it exists. It's purpose
3 Physical Objects
3.1 Constant state of 'Motus'
3.2 Observed 4 things:
3.2.1 1. The physical world is in a constant state of motion and change
3.2.1.1 2.The planets seem to be moving eternally
3.2.1.1.1 3. Change or motion is always caused by something
3.2.1.1.1.1 4. Objects in the physical world were in a state of actuality and potentiality
3.3 Things exist in an actual state but have the potential to become another state
4 The Prime Mover
4.1 The originating cause for all motion eternally
4.2 Sustains all change from potentiality to actuality
4.2.1 Kitten to a Cat
4.3 Characteristics
4.3.1 Exists by necessity - it cannot fail to exist
4.3.2 Is unchanging, it is pure actuality by nature so it's nature is good
4.3.3 The Prime Mover is the Final Cause - the ultimate reason why things exist
4.3.4 The ultimate reason and final goal of movement
5 God
5.1 Aristotle rejects the idea that God thinks about the universe and what happens in it
5.1.1 That would be God changing
5.1.1.1 God only reflects on being God
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Breakdown of Philosophy
rlshindmarsh
Reason and Experience Plans
rlshindmarsh
Who did what now?...Ancient Greek edition
Chris Clark
The Cosmological Argument
Summer Pearce
AS Philosophy Exam Questions
Summer Pearce
Philosophy of Art
mccurryby
Religious Experience
alexandramchugh9
"The knower's perspective is essential in the pursuit of knowledge." To what extent do you agree?
nataliaapedraza
Chapter 6: Freedom vs. Determinism Practice Quiz
Kristen Gardner
The Ontological Argument
daniella0128
Environmental Ethics
Jason Edwards-Suarez