Trend: Women in the Workforce

Mind Map by sibelismail99, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by sibelismail99 over 6 years ago


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Resource summary

Trend: Women in the Workforce
  1. Economy
    1. Wage-gap
      1. The wage-gap between males and females has always been a problem that females will face. In most industries females get $0.77 of the males earned $1.00
        1. From the years 1980-2013, there was a 18% wage gap for the amount of men and women in the workforce
          1. Pay equity information. (2014, September 1)
      2. Education
        1. The amount of females finishing school and getting a proper education from 1970-2013, is a drastic change. This impacts the women in the workforce in a good way.
          1. There is about a 27% gap between females in 1970-2012 who have graduated from college. And in 2012, there is only a 4% difference between males and females who have graduated college.
            1. Perkins, F. (2012, January 1). Data & Statistics
        2. Industries
          1. 36% of females are in the education and health industry while there are only 10% of males working in this industry
            1. Perkins, F. (2012, January 1). Data & Statistics
          2. Pink Tax
            1. Women pay a significantly higher price for the same types of hygiene products
              1. On average, a woman's price to dryclean her blouse is two times more expensive than a man drycleaing his shirt (dailymail, 2015)
                1. The Pink Tax. (2015, March 29)
            2. Social
              1. culture
                1. Culture affects the corporate culture. Women started working in the 1970s and it became more of an economic need than just an opportunity for women.
                  1. Baig, M. (2013, January 19). Women in the Workforce: What Changes Have We Made?
                2. Home life
                  1. Working women struggle to balance work life with home life
                    1. There was a slowdown in "female dominated" fields in 2013.
                      1. “The decline in core working-age women is striking,” (DePratto, 2014)
                      2. Women want to break out of the traditional house wife mould and have been moving towards jobs that bring in income
                        1. 85% of today’s two-parent families have at least two earners in the household (Vanier, 2007)
                          1. Vanier. (2007, January 1). Family Finance - Vanier Institute of the Family.
                        2. With family
                          1. mothers are becoming more rooted in work life and centre their life around work, career provided skills that could meet their child's needs better, it enhances the couples relationship, some lacked time with children and with partner, mother has more stress put on her
                            1. PROS AND CONS OF WORKING MOTHERS:
                              1. Reynolds, T. (2003, July 25). The impact of mothers' employment on family relationships | Joseph Rowntree Foundation
                            2. Sexism
                              1. Many companies are biased when hiring employees. Men are more perferable to them because of image reasons
                                1. Ontario has one of the highest rates of female unemployment with 7.3%
                                  1. Canadian workforce (2013)
                              2. Independence
                                1. traditionalism
                                  1. An example of this is in the automobile industry, Mary Barra is the first female CEO who will be taking over the helm at General Motors. Traditionally, males take over as CEO and usually work in the auto industry but, times are changing and women are becoming more involved.
                                    1. Baig, M. (2013, January 19). Women in the Workforce: What Changes Have We Made?
                                  2. Financially
                                    1. Today, women are able to support themselves financially, they are able to do jobs that were not able to do 45 years ago.
                                      1. “The decline in core working-age women is striking,” (DePratto, 2014)
                                    2. Working outside of home
                                      1. There is controversy whether or not women should work outside, or they should stay at home and work. Women have the right to work and have the right the work in the field that they choose.
                                        1. About 6% of women work at home and the rest work outside in a coporate place
                                          1. Connelly, M. (2006, July 6). Women in the Labour Force
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