French Grammar

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french grammar parts

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French Grammar
1 Reflexive verbs
1.1 S'entendre= I get on
1.1.1 Je m'entends
1.1.2 tu t'entends
1.1.3 il/elle s'entends
1.1.4 nous nous entendons
1.1.5 vous vous entendez
1.1.6 ils/elles s'entendent
1.1.7 Followed by "avec" which in turn is usually followed by an emphatic pronoun. Je moi tu toi il lui elle elle nous nous Vous Vous ils eux elles elles
1.1.8 eg. Je m'entends avec mes parents I get on well with my parents
1.1.9 Mon frère et moi ne nous entendons pas avec eux My brother and I don't get on with them
1.2 when you carry out an activity that involves yourself.
1.3 To talk about interaction between people e.g. elle se dispute aver son frere
2 passe compose
2.1 Is the verb one of 15 être verbs (mrs Vandertramp) or is it reflexive
2.1.1 Yes Choose the correct form Etre Je suis Tu es il/elle est Nous sommes Vous etes ils/elles sont Is the verb reflexive? yes look at reflexive verbs info No
2.1.2 No Choose the correct form of avoir j'ai tu as il/elle a Is the regular or irregular? Regular To form the regular past participles er verbs Cross off er and add e re verbs Cross off re and add u ir verbs cross off ir add i Irregular avoir boire connaitre croire devoir dire ecrire etre faire lire mettre ouvrir pouvoir prendre recevoir rire savoir vivre voir Nous avons vous avez ils/elles ont
2.2 talking about one off, or completed activities and sudden actions
3 Imperfect tense
3.1 To form the imperfect we take the nous form of the present tense and take off the ons to get the imperfect stem
3.1.1 To this stem we add the endings as follows je tu il nous vous ils ais ais ait ions iez aient
3.2.1 etre whose stem is et
3.2.2 verbs like manger and ranger who have an extra "e" in the nous form of the present tense, retain this in the imperfect to make the "g" sound soft (mon frere mangeait)
3.2.3 Verbs like commencer, which have a "c" in the nous form, retain this to make the "c" sound soft (je commencais).
3.3 describing things in the past (setting the scene)
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