Acids and Bases

silviaod119
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

A colourful mindmap explaining everything you need to know on acids, bases and indicators.

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silviaod119
Created by silviaod119 about 6 years ago
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Acids and Bases
1 Acids
1.1 sharp, sour taste
1.2 <7 on pH scale
1.3 Sources
1.3.1 Vinegar-Ethanoic Acid
1.3.2 Citrus Fruits- Citric Acid
1.3.3 Carbonic Acid: Fizzy Drinks
1.4 Burn into clothes, metals and flesh

Annotations:

  • yep, it's true
1.5 Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)
1.6 Sulphuric Acid
1.7 Turns blue litmus red
1.7.1 Red in methyll orange
2 Bases
2.1 Mild Bases: Soap, Toothpaste
2.2 Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) caustic soda
2.3 Alkali is a base soluble in water.
2.4 Turns red litmus blue
2.4.1 Yellow in methyll orange
2.5 <7 on pH scale
2.6 Strong = corrosive!
3 Indicators
3.1 Is a substance which tells you by means of a colour change, whether a substance is an acid or a base.
3.2 Methyll Orange
3.2.1 Universal Indicator
3.3 Litmus
4 Titration
4.1 Methyll Orange Indicator
4.2 Acid on top in burette, Base on bottom in conical flask
4.3 Hydrochloric Acid + Sodium Hydroxide = Sodium Chloride + Water
4.3.1 HCl + NaOH = NaCl + H2O
4.4 End point when indicator in conical flask turns orange
4.4.1 Solution in conical flask put in an evaporating basin and evaporated off
5 pH Scale
5.1 Ranges from 1-14

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