Conservative Dominance 1951-64

Zaina Ali
Mind Map by Zaina Ali, updated more than 1 year ago
Zaina Ali
Created by Zaina Ali over 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Conservative Dominance 1951-64, created by Zaina Ali on 05/17/2015.

Resource summary

Conservative Dominance 1951-64
  1. Leadership
    1. Churchill 1951-55
      1. Eden 1955-57
        1. Macmillan 1957-63
          1. Douglas-Home 1963-64
    2. 1951-1955
      1. Leadership
        1. Churchill
          1. Background
            1. Age 77 years when he became prime minister in 1951, he was also a well know war time hero
            2. Prime Minister
              1. RA Butler
                1. Chancellor of Exchequer
                  1. Butskellism
                    1. Conservative Economic Policy
                      1. Balance of Employment and economic growth, expanding welfare state, keeping Britain heavily investing in Military defence (Korean War), and develop a Nuclear weapons programme
                      2. Continuation of Labour aims
                        1. Butler (right) and Gaistkell (left)
                        2. £700 million defict
                          1. tax cuts
                            1. £3 million credit
                    2. 1951 Election
                      1. Labour had 13, 900, 000 votes 250 seats, Conservatives had 13, 700, 00, but 350 seats meaning that they had a majority
                      2. Situation 1951
                        1. Rationing had ended
                          1. Steel denationalised
                            1. Tories Manifesto/ Build 300,00 homes a year
                              1. Queen Elizabeth II became Queen
                                1. Atomic Bomb detonated 1952
                              2. 1955-57
                                1. 1955 Election
                                  1. Conservative 13, 200, 000 votes, 350 seats, Labour vote decreased 12, 000, 000, Seats 250 +, less people votes
                                  2. Leadership
                                    1. Eden
                                      1. 1956
                                        1. Suaz Crisis
                                        2. Increased
                                    2. 1957-63
                                      1. Leadership
                                        1. Harold MacMillan
                                          1. Background
                                            1. A skilled leader and a exceptional service record
                                              1. People have more access to televisions, increase access to media, so Harold works the media
                                              2. Labelled Supermac to show the rise of the economy
                                              3. Replaced Eden
                                            2. Situation
                                              1. Prosperity increased
                                                1. Commercialism increased e.g televisions, cars.
                                              2. Conservative Economic Policy
                                                1. Economically "sluggish"
                                                  1. Aim to have a mixed economy and to stick to Keysnian politics
                                                  2. Stop go and stage flation
                                                    1. When consumption and prices rose to quickly, the government put a break by increasing taxes and raising interest rates, making it diffucult to borrow money
                                                      1. When production and exports decline, the government would accelerate the economy, by cutting taxes and lowering interest rates, thus making it easier to borrow money
                                                        1. (Stagnation and inflation) Industry decline put inflation is still rampant with the result of the economy is it is suffering
                                                        2. Britain Industrial Growth Rate
                                                          1. GDP Growth Rates
                                                            1. Britain 2.3, Germany 5.1
                                                              1. Britains spending on defences was £11.3 billion
                                                          2. NEVER HAD IT SO GOOD
                                                            1. 1957
                                                              1. Wages
                                                                1. Wages had increased from £8.30 a week to £18 in 1964
                                                                  1. Inflation climbed but never got ahead of peoples wages (real wages)
                                                                2. Credit
                                                                  1. Access to credit made people more able to buy more commercial goods
                                                                    1. e.g private cars increased from £1.5 million to £5.5 million
                                                                  2. Housing
                                                                    1. Aim to beat Atlees 600,00 homes
                                                                      1. Aim to build 300,000 homes annually
                                                                        1. He achieved this aim, as housing minister in 1951
                                                                      2. Rent act
                                                                        1. 1957
                                                                          1. Had abolished the rent control
                                                                            1. six million properties were put on the market
                                                                              1. But the down side was rent could not be controlled and tenants at the lower end could no lower the high rates of rents
                                                                        2. Unemployment
                                                                          1. Unemployment in 1957 rose from 300,000 to 800,000 in 1963
                                                                          2. Education
                                                                            1. Three tier school system abolished
                                                                        3. Downfall of Macmillan
                                                                          1. Scandals
                                                                            1. Profumo affair
                                                                              1. 1961
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