Networks and Trade

Gabrielle F
Mind Map by , created over 4 years ago

Ancient Mediterranean Networks and Trade

Gabrielle F
Created by Gabrielle F over 4 years ago
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Networks and Trade
1 Archaic and Classical
1.1 Modernist Economy
1.1.1 Essentially modern
1.2 Primitivist Economy
1.2.1 Embedded, no distinct sphere
1.3 Trade- economic sphere, professional, profit
1.4 Exchange- embedded, market-based, redistribution
1.5 Commodities
1.5.1 slaves
1.5.2 wine/grain/oil
1.5.3 nuts/olives/fish
1.5.4 timber and stone
1.5.5 metals and ores
1.5.6 textiles and hides
1.5.7 perfumes and cosmetics
1.5.8 Pottery Positivist fallacy- how much survives does not equate to how important it was in the past Used as cheaper alternative to metalwork?
2 East Med
2.1 Egypt
2.1.1 Gains much tribute at greatest extent, C15BCE, from vassal kingdoms
2.1.2 Egyptian material found in Cyprus (via the Levant?)
2.1.3 Amarna Letters- 382 letters between Egypt and the Levant concerning trade
2.2 Mycenae
2.2.1 Pictures of Myceneans on Egyptian tombs?
2.2.2 Mycenean pottery found throughout the Mediterranean
2.3 Wrecks
2.3.1 Point Iria, 1200BCE Cypriot, Cretan and Mycenean cargo- indicated regularity
2.3.2 Cape Gelidonya 1200BCE Cypriotic metalworking tools and ingots, along with personal possessions
2.3.3 Ulu Burun C14BCE Royal cargo? Raw materials, 354 copper ingots, luxury items (eg: pomegranate for perfumes), perhaps referred to in Amarna letters
3 Roman
3.1 Problems of preservation
3.2 Grain, Annona comes into ports at Ostia and Iulius
3.3 Slaves C2 taken as war booty, Epirus sees 150,000/day, by C1 there are 2-3 mill in Itlay
3.4 Elite benefit as villas create trade items
3.4.1 Entitled to more food surplus and can produce more
3.5 Taxes benefit all
3.5.1 5% for provinces
3.5.2 25% for elsewhere
3.6 Ships
3.6.1 Merchant 100/500tons
3.6.2 Grain 1000tons and size and durability for open seas
3.6.3 Wrecks Amphora and Marble better preserved Locations limited to diving spots Albegna 100BCE 10,000 amphora 260,000l wine value over one million 40m in length Madrague de Giens 60-50BCE 1635 fine and coarseware amphora of standard size, stamped with estate owners seal capacity 5800-7800 Tektas Burnu C5BCE 200 wine amphora 10 mendean 9 full of pitch 1 of butchered cow bones- cargo or crew? Large cups used for measuring? Pabuc Burnu C6BCE 250-275 amphora wine and oil suggested by seeds and pits 6 hull planks remain comes at point of transition larger, sturdier ships longer journeys and worse weather less but more specialised maintenance more formalised trade networks? professionalism local amphora means local trade non-standard amphora suggests different measuring methods mortaria found on board? takes time but builds trust

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