Cystic Fibrosis

jessica.moore16
Mind Map by jessica.moore16, updated more than 1 year ago
jessica.moore16
Created by jessica.moore16 over 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Cystic Fibrosis, created by jessica.moore16 on 10/18/2013.

Resource summary

Cystic Fibrosis
1 What is cystic fibrosis?
1.1 Cystic fibrosis is a genetic condition in which the lungs and digestive system become clogged with thick sticky mucus
1.2 Cystic fibrosis is caused by a genetic mutation; specifically a mutation in a gene called CFTR
1.3 A genetic mutation is when the instructions found in all living cells become scrambled in some way, meaning that one or more of the processes of the body do not work in the way they should.
1.4 The CFTR mutation allows too much salt and water into cells. This results in a build-up of thick, sticky mucus in the body's tubes and passageways. These blockages damage the lungs, digestive system and other organs, resulting in the symptoms of cystic fibrosis.
2 Symtoms
2.1 Persistent cough
2.2 Recurring chest and lung infections
2.3 Poor weight gain
3 Treatment
3.1 There is no cure, so the aim is to ease the symptoms
3.2 bronchodilators – expands the airways inside the lungs making it easier to breathe
3.3 antibiotics – to treat chest and lung infections
3.4 physiotherapy – there are a range of exercises that can help clear mucus from the lungs
4 Diagnosis
4.1 Screenings are done of the internal organs
4.2 Cystic fibrosis (CF) may be suspected in a child who shows poor growth, has repeated respiratory or sinus infections, or both
4.3 The standard diagnostic test for cystic fibrosis is the quantitative sweat chloride test, or "sweat test," which measures the amount of salt in the sweat.
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